Myanmar

Zachary 6th period

Myanmar

Myanmar is also Known as Burma. The capital of Myanmar is Naypyidaw changed from Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar's religion is a mainly Buddhist country. The country is about the size of Texas. 2/3 people in Myanmar are farmers and they mainly grow rice, sugarcane, beans, and nuts. Most farmers do not have tractors so they use plow drawn with water buffalo. Myanmar exports soap, noodles, paper, textiles, and glass bottles. They also export precious gems like rubies, sapphires, and jade. Myanmar also has 75% of the worlds exports of teak wood.

Myanmar- "You will not want to go home"

Geography and Climate

Myanmar has three main regions Eastern mountain system, Western mountain belt, and Central belt. The eastern mountain system separates Myanmar form Thailand, Laos, and China. Jade and ruby come from this region. The western mountain belt has thick wooded forest between the boarder of Myanmar and India. This region has low mountains and good farming area. The central belt is in between the other two regions. This region has Myanmar's tallest mountain Hkakabo Razi. The climate of Myanmar is mainly tropical. In central Myanmar the average is 68 F.

People and Culture

The people of Myanmar are called Burmese. 85 % of all Myanmar's religion is Buddhism. Other religions in Myanmar are Christians, Muslims, and Hindus. Buddhism and this teaches that to find happiness you have to release your self of worldly desire. These people go to the Theravada school of Buddhism.


The official language of Myanmar is Burmese. It is related to Tibetan. There are some people that speak English in Myanmar. Some people in the hill country have there own language. Most people live in farming villages. The houses are built on long poles because of the occasionally floods.


The Myanmar people eat rice almost everyday. The Burmese eat fish, chicken, and shrimp, but they do not eat red meat. A popular sport in Myanmar is soccer and a version of boxing. A law requires children to attend school between the ages of 5 and 10 years old. The Burmese are known for their woodcarving, lacquer ware, and jewelry.

Country Timeline

  1. 1057 - King Anawrahta founds the first unified Burmese state at Pagan and adopts Theravada Buddhism.
  2. 1937 - Britain separates Burma from India and makes it a crown colony.
  3. WWII - Japan invades and occupies Burma with some help from the Japanese-trained Burma Independence Army, which later transforms itself into the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) and resists Japanese rule. British liberate Burma in 1945.
  4. 1948 - Burma becomes independent from Britain with U Nu as prime minister.
  5. 1962 – Government is overthrown by the military and a Socialist government is started
  6. 1989 – 1990 - The government declares martial law, arrests thousands of people, including advocates of democracy and human rights, renames Burma Myanmar. The National League for Democracy (NLD) wins landslide victory in general election, but the result is ignored by the military. Aung San Suu Kyi awarded Nobel Peace Prize for her commitment to peaceful change.
  7. Late 1990’s - Oppressive military government starts the movement toward Democracy and building relationships with other countries.
  8. Early 2000’s – A constitutional convention starts the talks for a new government and democracy.
  9. Late 2000’s – Draft constitution is approved by the voters with 92% approval.
  10. 2010 – Government holds the first elections in 20 years and in 2013 four private daily newspapers appear for the first time in almost 50 years as the state monopoly ends, in line with the August 2012 abolition of pre-publication censorship.

Government and Citizenship

A long time ago, Myanmar was a monarchy ruled by kings and their families. These dynasties lasted up to the 19th century. The king was defeated by Britain and the Myanmar became a colony of the British Empire. for a short time during World War II, Myanmar was ruled by Japan but returned to Britain after the war. Eventually Myanmar gained it's independence from Britain.


After independence from Britain, Myanmar became a Parliamentary Democracy. This new Democracy was very short and the government was overthrown by the military. The military leaders implemented a socialist government which lasted until 2010 when elections were held. Myanmar now has a democracy with a president.


Myanmar has three kinds of citizens, full citizens, associate citizens and naturalized citizens. Full citizens must have ancestors that were in Myanmar before 1823. Associate citizens got their citizenship through a 1948 law. Naturalized citizens are people who lived in Myanmar before 1948 but applied for citizenship after 1982.

Economy

Myanmar's economy is mainly based on the agriculture. Myanmar has a lot of rice. Rice covers more then half of Myanmar's farming land. Other crops like beans and corn are also grown in Myanmar. Myanmar's teak wood accounts for more then half the worlds teak wood. Myanmar has a lot of minerals like copper and tin. Myanmar also has precious gems like jade, sapphires, and rubies. Most of the minerals are undeveloped.


Myanmar are big exporters of food produces, natural gas, and teak wood. They are more then half on the worlds teak wood is grown in Myanmar. Myanmar mainly imports chemicals, fertilizer, machinery, and transportation equipment.

Company List

1. Exxon Mobile


It would be great for Exxon Mobil would invest in Myanmar. The oil and gas in Myanmar could be used to benefit the people of Myanmar. This natural resource could help get more food from the land with farming. It would also help with the energy needed for factories that would provide jobs for the people.


2. Plum Creek Timber


Plum Creek Timber company would be a great help managing the teak forests of Myanmar. Plum Creek Timber would provide good jobs to the people and the timber could be logged and used to make thing that could be exported. Teak is great for making furniture and since it is water resistant it can be used for boats.


3. Anderson Furniture


Anderson is a furniture maker that makes teak outdoor furniture. Anderson could build a factory in Myanmar and build the furniture for export around the world. The teak trees would be a great resource for the factory and finished furniture would be easy to ship. This would provide good jobs for the people of Myanmar.


4. John Deere


John Deere makes great tractors and harvesters that would help Myanmar produce more food in agriculture. The tractors would let farmers get more work done when planting the fields. the harvesters would allow the farmer to harvest and process the rice with fewer people. It would be great for John Deere to open a new marker for and these farmers would help the country to be more successful.


5. Resolution Copper Mining


Resolution Copper Mining company would be great to help Myanmar develop their copper natural resources. Copper is used in making lots of electrical devices and electric wires. As the country develops there will be a greater need for electricity and the copper mined could provide this service. There are also many technology manufacturing companies in Asia and the copper could be exported for making the technology components like computers.