World Religions Project

Cali Westervelt

Christianity

Beliefs: the god is the creator of the universe.

Rituals: praying daily as well as Sunday services.

History: Christianity developed out of Judaism in the 1st century C.E. It is founded on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ

Mono/poly: monotheistic

God(s): God

Holy book: Bible

Major holidays: Epiphany, Ash Wednesday, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter, St. Patricks day, Pentecost, All Saints' Day, Thanksgiving, Advant and Christmas.


Judaism

Beliefs: the importance of actions over beliefs and the 13 principles of faith.

Rituals: baby naming ceremonies, circumcision, and bar/bah mitzvahs.

History: Judaism origins date back to nearly four thousand years ago. It originated in the eastern region of Canaan, which is Israel today.

Mono/poly: monotheistic

God(s): God

Holy book: Torah

Major holidays: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, Simchat Torah, Chanukkah, Tu B'Shevat, Purim, Pesach(Passover), Lag B'Omer, Shavu'ot, and Tisha B'Av.

Hinduism

Beliefs: hindu believe in ultimate reality and the purpose of life.

Rituals: lighting a lamp before the alter of The Lord daily.

History: although there is not a specific time that Hinduism was formed, it's history is closely linked to the rising and falling of different kingdoms and empires.

Mono/poly: polytheistic

God(s): Adi Parashakti, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Para Brahman, Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu, Durga, Dasavatara and Shesha are the main deities and avatars.

Holy book: none

Major holidays: Holi, Mahashivaratri, Rama Navami, Krishna Jayanti, Raksabandhana, kumbh Mela, Ganesha-Chaturthi, Dassera, navaratri and Diwali.

Buddhism

Beliefs: Buddhists believe in things like human nature and the afterlife.

Rituals: meditation, mindfulness, mudras, and mantras.

History: buddhism dates back to 6th century BC, starting with the birth of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama in Lumbini, Nepal.

Mono/poly: neither

God(s): none

Holy book: Tipitaka

Major holidays: Uposatha, Makha Bucha, Vesakha, Asalha Puja Day, Kathina Ceremony and Sanghamitta Day.


Islam

Beliefs: god, angels, jinn, human nature and the afterlife.

Rituals: five pillars of Islam, Friday mosque services, and Sufi spirituality.

History: people of the Islam religion originally called themselves Muslims, which is still the name today. Muslims originated from the Middle East.

Mono/poly: monotheistic

God(s): Allah

Holy book: Qur'an

Major holidays: Muharram, Mawlid al-Nabi, Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha