What: Ottoman Empire spread to most of the lands surrounding the Mediterranean sea
Where: Eygpt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Costantinople, and coastal North Africa. The Nomadic Turks also conquered Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
When: July 27 , 1299
Why did the Ottoman Empire decline: Suleyman killed his only able son and exiled another. The only son left to inherit the throne was incompetent.
Suleyman the lawgiver
- He was a great leader because he expanded the empire to its greatest size, by threatening to invade Europe. He ruled fairly letting all religions practice and established strong leaders.
- Limited taxes
- Created a code of law for criminal and civil actions
"Perhaps it is belief more than truth that helps us survive" - Suleyman
(The bottom picture Is Suleyman and the second picture is the symbol for the ottomans empire)
The Safavid Empire
What: Strong military lead by Isma'il a 12 year old king. Isma'il was a tyrant and killed anyone that did not convert to Shi'ite.
When: 16th and 18th centuries
Why did they decline the Safavid empire: Shah Abbas made the same mistake as Suleyman and killed or blinded his most able sons leaving his incompetent grandson to succeed Abbas.
Cultural Blending - the mix of one or more cultures
- Pursuit of religious freedom or conversion
Language- Sometimes the written characters of one language are used in another, as in the case of written Chinese characters used i the Japanese language. In the Safavid Empire, the language spoken was Persian. But after the area converted to Islam, a significant number of Arabic words appeared in the Persian language.
Religion and Ethical Systems- Buddhism spread throughout Asia. Yet the Buddhism practiced by Tibetans is different from Japanese Zen Buddhism.
Styles of Goverment- The concept of a democratic goverment spread to many areas of the globe. Although the basic principles are similar, it is not practiced exactly the same way in each country.
Racial or Ethnic Blending- One example is the mestizo, people of mixed European and Indian ancestry who live in Mexico.
Arts and Architecture- Cultural styles may be incorporated or adapted into art or architecture. For examples, Chinese artistic elements are found in Safavid empire tiles and carpets as well as in European paintings
Examples of cultural blending:
Location: Mexico- A.D. 1500
Interacting cultures: Spanish and Aztec
Reason for interaction: Conquest
Some results of interaction: Mestizo culture, Mexican Catholicism
Location: United States-A.D. 1900
Interacting cultures: European, Asian, Carribbean
Reason for interaction: Migration, religious freedom
Some results of interaction: Cultrual diversity
The Mughal Empire
What: Defeated Hindus to control India
When: Between 14th and 18th centuries
Why was the Mughal Empire decline: Jahan drained the empire of its resources and the power of the central goverment weakened and lead to its decline.