Wanted Virus

Description

Smallpox is a fatal infectious disease. The pox part of smallpox is derived from the Latin word for “spotted” and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person.

Transmission

Direct and face-to-face contact is required to spread smallpox from one person to another. Smallpox also can be spread through direct contact with infected bodily fluids or contaminated objects such as bedding or clothing. Rarely, smallpox has been spread by virus carried in the air in enclosed settings such as buildings, buses, and trains. Humans are the only natural hosts of variola. Smallpox is not known to be transmitted by insects or animals.

Victimize, Symptoms and treatments

People are the victims,no insects or animals can not get infected by small pox.when infected,People will get high fever,chills,headache,severe back pain,abdominal pain,vomiting.Then the bumps on the body will come.

Treatments, smallpox vaccine is the only known way to prevent smallpox in an exposed person. Vaccination 4-7 days after exposure may offer some protection from the disease and may lessen its severity.

Found and damage done

Two centuries ago smallpox infected about 10% of the population in Europe, with a 30 - 35 % mortality rate.In the 1950s,Worldwide, 15 million cases of smallpox are reported each year in the decade; the highly contagious disease kills more than 500 million people worldwide during the last century.Most Americans under 40 have not been vaccinated. The last smallpox case in the United States was in 1949, and routine vaccination stopped in 1972. Some medical and military personal are still vaccinated.

Treatment

The smallpox vaccine is the only known way to prevent smallpox in an exposed person. If given within 4 days of viral exposure, the vaccine can prevent or significantly lessen the severity of smallpox symptoms.

Intersting facts

  • Smallpox's name derived from the Europeans in the 1400's distinguishing smallpox (variola) disease from "great pox" which was what they called syphilis.
  • Smallpox does not occur in nature at all.
  • Several religions have had gods/goddesses of smallpox. One example is in the Hindu religion, with the goddess, Sitala Mata, which was worshiped all throughout India.
  • The vaccine for smallpox was the first vaccine to ever be developed.
  • Smallpox was the first disease to ever be completely eradicated worldwide.