By: Kashyia Henry
Nucleolus- the region in the nucleus where DNA is.
Mitochondria- produces energy for the cell.
Lysosome- digest the cell's waste.
Cell Membrane- protects the cell.
Golgi Apparatus- packages and transports proteins.
Cell Wall- provides structure and support only in plant cell.
Cytoskeleton- gives the cell structure.
Smooth ER- makes lipids, hormones and breaks down toxin.
Rough ER- makes proteins.
Vacuole- stores water, nutrients, waste and other substances only in plant cells.
Chloroplast- use light energy (photosynthesis) only in plant cells.
Cytoplasm- liquid surrounding all cell organelles.
Chromosomes- scrunched up DNA.
- Lipid layer, also called a lipid bilayer is phospholipids arranged in a double layer.
- A phospholipid is a phosphate and two fatty acids connected together.
- A enzyme is a protein that helps speed reaction.
- A receptor protein is a protein that receives chemical signals from each other.
- A signal protein is a protein that helps to identify the types of cells.
- A transport protein is a protein that go through the cell membrane that allows things to go in and out
- Active transport - movement using energy (ATP) against concentration gradient.
- Passive transport - movement along the concentration gradient, no energy needed.
- Diffusion - random movement
- Osmosis - diffusion of water
- Facilitated Diffusion - helper protein allows movement along the concentration gradient
- Na/K pump - ATP sends out three sodium atoms and brings in two potassium atoms
- Endocytosis - moving cells inside
- Exocytosis - releasing large particles