Periodic Table Element Project
The Carbon Family - By Jane Daniel
Basic Facts About Carbon:
Freezing Point: 6,422 degrees Fahrenheit (3,550 degrees C)
Boiling Point: 6,872 F (3,800 C) (sublimation)
Discovered By: Antoine Lavoisier is the first to classify it but known since prehistoric times.
Date Discovered: True date unknown but classified in 1789.
Reactivity: Of these three forms of carbon, neither are very reactive (although coal can of course be burned to from CO2, which means that it does react with oxygen at high temperature).
PICTURES OF CARBON:
Hunk of solid Carbon
There are a number of pure forms of this element including graphite, diamond, fullerenes and graphene.
Particles of Carbon
The nano-forms, fullerenes and graphene appear, in bulk, as black or dark brown soot-like powders
Rocks of Carbon
Graphite is black and shiny but soft.
FACTS ABOUT CARBON:
The properties of diamond and graphite are very different with diamond being transparent and very hard while graphite is black and soft (soft enough to write on paper).
Carbon is the 4th most common element in the Universe (after hydrogen, helium and oxygen). It is the 15th most common element in the Earth’s crust while it is the second most common element in the human body (behind oxygen).
It is of vital importance to life on Earth, allowing carbon to be continually reused and recycled.
USES OF CARBON:
*Carbon black is also used in rubber products such as car tires.
*Activated carbon filters are used extensively in air filters (including gas masks) or cleaners and also help to remove contaminants such as ozone, chlorine, or other halogen compounds.
*Charcoal itself is used in art and also as a barbecue fuel.