What is Leprosy?
The bacterium Mycobacterium leprae bind to receptors on the neural Schwann cells. This causes the Schwann cells not to produce myelin sheaths, which is insulation to axons of neurons. This is what causes loss of feeling and numbness to the skin when infected with Leprosy.
-Open cuts or sores
-Not for sure how this bacterium spreads, but not very contagious
Signs and Symptoms
-Nodules or macules may be present
-Numbness around the skin
-Muscle loss or weakness
-When given a skin smear, tested positive for the bacterium
*Can take anywhere from 6 months to 40 years for symptoms to show up. Usually the average is 4 years.
-Also diagnosed by symptoms
-Prognosis depends on when diagnosed and severity of symptoms
-Very rarely is Leprosy fatal
-Using MDT (Multi-drug Therapy)