Peru

BY:Kartik Mathur

FOOD

In the ancient times potatoes and corn were the most important. Tamales (tamales are soften corn husks that are filled with meat or vegetables).People that live near the ocean eat many kinds of fish. Causa limena( made with eggs and shrimp). Ceviche( served with onions, sweet potatoes and chili peppers).

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Machu Picchu

The Machu Picchu was the largest and most powerful civilization in Peru. From 1438 to 1532.
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OTHER interesting information

The ancestors of Peru's Indians include the Inca people. The Inca built a great empire, or large kingdom, in Peru from the 1200's to the 1500's. The first Europeans reached the country in the 1520's, led by the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro. In the 1530's, the Spanish fought the Inca and won. The Spanish then made Peru a Spanish colony. Peru announced its independence from Spain in 1821.

Since it became independent, Peru has had many different governments and a number of constitutions. A constitution is a group of laws for governing a country. Although each constitution has called for a government elected by the people, powerful individuals have seized control of Peru many times. During the 1800's and 1900's, military leaders often ruled the nation. Since 1995, Peru has had elected civilian (nonmilitary) governments. They call them Peruvians.

Clown tree frog and the red Ukari monkey at the amazon rainforest are endangered. Peru is also mostly made of rainforests.

Peru is the third largest country in south America. Only Brazil and Argentina are larger than Peru on south America. Peru is in western South America next to the Pacific ocean.Ecuador and Colombia are to the north, and Chile is to the south. Brazil lies to the east of Peru.

Language

Spanish is the main language of most Peruvians. The rest speak mainly an Indian language. Quechua is the most common Indian language. Many Peruvians speak both Spanish and an Indian language.

Celebrations

The Festival of the Cross isn't as solemnly Catholic as it might sound. Best in Lima, Cusco, and Ica, the festival does feature cross processions (although the decorated crosses are vibrant), but it also displays a surfeit of folk music and dance, the highlight being the daring "scissors dancers," who once performed on top of churches.

Famous people

Saint Martín de Porres

Born on December 9, 1579, in Lima, Peru, to a Spanish nobleman and former black slave, St. Martín de Porres is the patron saint of interracial harmony. Porres entered the Dominican clergy in 1601, although it was quite unusual at the time for someone of mixed race to be received into the religious order. He was known for his vegetarian lifestyle, social work and unique healing powers, and for founding a residence in Lima for orphans and abandoned children. He died in Lima, Peru, on November 3, 1639.

climate/geography

During June to September, the mountainous areas are often sunny during the day but cold at night. This is high tourist season and the best time to visit most regions. Rainy season in the Andes starts in September and peaks between January and March, and this is a dreadful and occasionally dangerous time to be hiking.

DANCE

Traditional peruvian dance from Piura - Peru

RELIGON

The religion of Peru is an inheritance of the Spanish conquest, for this reason, it is a mainly Catholic country (more than 75% of the population). Since the 16th century, along with Catholicism, expressions of the native religion, based on the cult of the Sun, the Pachamama (Mother Earth) and elements of nature, have also been present. Those who study religion, still can’t agree how to treat two very different religions in a process of fusion or of parallel beliefs.

NATURAL TRAGEDY

Severe flooding on Peru's Rimac River, caused by heavy rains in the Central Andes Mountains, washed out a bridge in February 1999. The floods broke down many Peruvian communities.

Soothing And Relaxing Music - Cut Short
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SOURCES