Tsunami Trouble

Gabrielle Williams

What causes a Tsunami?

Have you ever wondered how a Tsunami is created or what causes it? Tsunamis are created by plate tectonics, basically earthquakes in the ocean. These powerful storms are caused because of the friction between two plates being "stuck"; also known as convergent boundaries. To go into more detail, when that one plate snaps back, a big, gigantic wave is formed and attacks the nearest area of civilization. Another description is when a strong undersea earthquake hits area that's below sea-level, it directly pushes up one of the bended plates causing a fiasco, or a catastrophic event, that temporarily changes the environment. So, tsunamis are just Tsunamis are just one main big wave and "smaller" ones following it due to the force from the tide itself.

Habitats, Food webs, and Biodiversity

Tsunamis have a direct impact on habitats because the water will wipe out the ecosystem. As a result, the animals will either migrate, adapt to their surroundings, or die because of the change (M.A.D.)

To add on to my point, a Tsunami will effect the food web of the area it hit because the producers will wither or die because of the abundance of water or the lack of sunlight and space. The little of sunlight means no components for plants to undergo photosynthesis means no producers living. The primary consumers will run out of food, which then effects the secondary, tertiary, and any other type of consumers in the food chain or web in the ecosystem.

In addition to, the biodiversity of a area will be effected drastically. This is because the sustainability of a ecosystem will lower, which is caused by a number of species increasing or decreasing due to a catastrophic event changing the area. To clarify, if a species of organisms die or over-populate, another set of organisms will do the same; to make it short, it's a domino effect.

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Tsunamis on the Atmosphere

Negative Effects

Water from Tsunamis can knock down green-houses. Because of this, radiation can be released into the atmosphere resulting in death, birth-defects, or cancer.


Positive Effects

Tsunamis sends sky waves into the atmosphere. Because of this, scientists will be able to tell and predict if the atmosphere is moist.

Tsunamis on the Surface

Negative Effects

The impact from the waves uproots trees, habitats, and sometimes even homes. Because of this, landforms and the coastal areas can completely change.

Positive Effects

After a Tsunami, water gets absorbed into the soil. Because of this, water from Tsunamis makes soil richer and full of nutrients that's beneficial for plants.

Tsunamis on the Water

Negative effects

During Tsunamis, harsh chemicals can be washed into the ocean. Because of this, marine life and nearby animals will die or become sick.


Positive Effects

The water from Tsunamis are spread out into many different areas. Because of this, lakes and other dry places can absorb water and get back to providing a habitat. This also helps dry areas that are in drought.

Formation of Tsunami (3d Simulation)