Panama

By John Nguyen

Capital

The capital of Panama is Panama City

Geography

  • Mountains

  • 77,082 square kilometers

  • Rivers

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Major cities (Highest population)

1.Panama City

2.San Miguelito

3.Tocumen

4.David

Historical Sites and Landmarks

1. Casco Viejo ("Old Town") is Panama City's reflection of diverse culture and rich history. Monuments that depict Panama's historical architecture, such as the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Church of San Fransisco and the Municipal Palace, can be found in Casco Viejo.


2. French Park is located at the tip of Casco Viejo and near the French Embassy of Panama. The park was created as a monument to more than 200,000 French laborers who lost their lives during the construction of the Panama Canal.


3. Vasco Núñez de Balboa holds an important place in Panamanian history. In addition to being credited as the first European to cross America, Panama's national currency is named after Balboa and monuments of him can be found scattered throughout the country.


4. Panama Canal. The Panama Canal is a 48-mile ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.

Economy

Panamanian Balboa is the currency that Panama uses and its conversion to U.S dollars is the exact same so $1 is worth 1 Panamanian Balboa.

Language

In Panama a variety of languages are spoken the main language Spanish the second main language is English which they teach in some schools. Other minorities might speak Japanese, Hebrew, Arabic, Eastern Yiddish and Korean.

Food

Meal times are similar to those in North America, with most people having breakfast between 7 am and 8 am, lunch is served in most eateries from 12 noon to 2pm and the evening meal is eaten any time between 7 pm and 10 pm. Those who live in small towns will find that most restaurants close around 9 pm or even earlier. For breakfast, they eat tortillas ,but in Panama tortillas are half inch thick rounds of corn dough deep fried and usually served with a melting piece of cheese on top and eggs. For lunch, their food usually involves having corn inside it. For dinner, they have meat, fish, rice and seafood.

Important people of Panama

Music

The socavon is a local variety of guitar made in Panama's countryside. In that respect is similar to the better known mejoranera instrument, also from Panama. While the classic guitar has six strings and the mejoranera has five, the socavon has only four. With this heritage, Panama has a rich and diverse music history, and important contributions to cumbia, saloma, pasillo, punto, tamborito, mejorana, bolero, jazz, salsa, reggae, calypso, rock and other musical genres.

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Seasons/Climate

Panama has a tropical maritime climate with a hot, humid, cloudy prolonged rainy season (May to January) and a short dry season (January to May). It is completely outside the hurricane belt and experiences few if any natural disasters. Most of Panama has two seasons: wet (“winter”) and dry (“summer”).

Sports

With every important match being televised and broadcast on radio, both European and Latin American football (soccer) leagues have a broad fan base and are closely followed in Panama, but baseball (beisbol) is Panama’s official national sport. There are twelve teams in the national league, and home teams are sacred to their impassioned fans, making the experience of attending a game lively and culturally rich.

Religion

Roman Catholic is there main religion. The government of Panama does not collect statistics on the religious affiliation of citizens, but various sources estimate that 75 to 85 percent of the population identifies itself as Roman Catholic and 15 to 25 percent as evangelical Christian.

Brief History

The History of Panama is about the Isthmus of Panama region's long history that occurred in southern Central America, from Pre-Columbian cultures, during the Spanish colonial era, through independence and the current country of Panama. The earliest artifacts discovered of indigenous peoples in Panama have included Paleo-Indians projectile points. Later central Panama was home to some of the first pottery-making in the Americas, such as the Monagrillo cultures dating to about 2500–1700 BC.

Spains colonization

In 1501 the discovery of Panama by Spanish explorer Rodrigo de Bastidas marked the beginning of the age of conquest and colonization in the isthmus. However, it was his first mate, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, who was to be immortalized in the history books, following his discovery of the Pacific Ocean 12 years later.

Independence

In 1903, the Hay-Herrán Treaty was signed with Colombia, granting the United States use of the Isthmus of Panama in exchange for financial compensation. The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty, but the Colombian Senate, fearing a loss of sovereignty, refused. In response, President Theodore Roosevelt gave tacit approval to a rebellion by Panamanian nationalists, which began on November 3, 1903. To aid the rebels, the U.S.-administered railroad in Panama removed its trains from the northern terminus of Colón, thus stranding Colombian troops sent to crush the insurrection. Other Colombian forces were discouraged from marching on Panama by the arrival of the U.S. warship Nashville.

Indegenous Group

Panama has a diverse group of indigenous cultures that play an important role in the country's cultural diversity. There are seven distinct indigenous cultures, which are further divided into four major Indian groups: the Ngöbe-Buglé (Guaymi), the Kuna, the Emberá/Wounaan and the Naso (Teribe)/Bribri.

Natural Resources

Natural resources: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower. Exports: $18.87 billion (2013 est.): gold, bananas, shrimp, sugar, iron and steel waste, pineapples, watermelons.
The top exports of Panama are Blank Audio Media ($960M), Refined Petroleum ($888M), Passenger and Cargo Ships ($646M), Packaged Medicaments ($355M) and Petroleum Gas ($319M), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Special Purpose Ships ($5.83B), Refined Petroleum ($4B), Crude Petroleum ($3.01B), Passenger and Cargo Ships ($2.09B) and Sulfonamides ($1.87B).

Government

Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic which is the same as the United States of America's government.

Tourism

Colón Panama is the top priority when you go to Panama you can do any such as go shopping, canals, beaches, casinos, gambling and its a very cultural place.


Panama City is the capital of Panama and its always fun to visit it, it also includes Panama Canal and Colonial Casco Viejo.


Gamboa it includes birdwatching, beautiful rainforests, canals, and forests.


Coiba it includes scuba diving, parks, fishing, snorkeling and whale sharks don't forget this is an island?


Bocas del Toro or Bocus town includes fishing, it has a beach, surfing, scuba diving, and night life