By: Gleb, Grace, Megan V.
Important Historical Events and Impact
1804- Lewis and Clark begin the famous expedition, mapping the west
1812- War of 1812 occurs
1813- Jane Austin publishes Pride and Prejudice
1825- Erie Canal is completed
1827- Poe publishes Tamerlane, his first collection of poems
1838 - The Trail of Tears
1847 - Emily Bronte publishes Wuthering Heights
1848 - Karl Marx writes the Communist Manifesto
1850 - Nathanial Hawthorne publishes the Scarlett Letter
1851 - Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick
1852 - Harriet Tubman publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin
(all dates p.228)
Pre Dominant Genres and Themes
Sylistic Approach and Devices
- Washington Irving used characterization and both direct and indirect characterization and inner cultural attitudes. (241)
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow uses stanzas; couplet, quatrain, associates images with life. (256)
- Uses meter and mood. (266)
- Meriwether Luis and John Wesley Poued use description, writers style and notation special relationships (284)
- Uses memorandums (297)
- First sentence outlines mood. Edgar Allen Poe uses single effect, breaks down long sentences, and uses Gothic style. (308, 306)
- Nathaniel Hawthorne uses parables, symbols, draws inferences about meaning. (334)
- Herman Melnille uses symbols, recognized symbols, elaborate themes. (352)
- Where is Here Joyce Carol Oats uses Modern Gothic style (gloomy atmosphere, odd characters). (374)
Major Authors and Biographies
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) - Poe's began his career by publishing a collection of poems called Tamerlane. Two years later he wrote Al Arraaf but his third column of poems was a failure and he turned to fiction and literary criticism. Poe finally gained recognition as a serious writer with his publishment of The Raven and The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym. He died shortly after his wife. ( entire paragraph uses p. 306)
Nathanial Hawthorne (1804-1864) He was known as an anti-transcendentalist, believing evil was the dominant force in the world. Growing up Hawthorne grew up with inherited guilt from his ancestors (included in Salem Witch Trials/ persecution on Quakes). 1st book Fanshave was anonymous (he burned the book out of shame) and established him as an author (Twice Told Tales). (entire paragaph uses p. 334)
Single Effect (n) - a good short story that is able to create a single emotional effect on the reader.
Parable (n) -a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson; sermon.
Symbol (n) - a thing that represents or stands for something else.
Exact Rhyme (n) - a rhyme in which the final accented vowel and all succeeding consonants are identical.
Slant Rhyme (n) - a rhyme that stresses either the consonants or vowels identically.
Free Verse (n) - poem with no rhyme pattern or meter.
Diction (n) - word choice and phrases in speech or writing