Canada in 2050 ~Assignment

CGC1D0-G / done by: Areeba Tahir


What is the current demographic, immigration, and First Nations situation in Canada? What will Canada's demographics look like in the year 2050? How will our immigration systems and immigrants change by then? What will be the condition of the First Nations controversy taking place in Canada be in 40 years? And how will the future of Canada's adolescent population change by the year of 2050? Many changes will be and are occurring in our country...but what might they look like!?

A Brief Demographic Overview

Canada's total population is 35,158,300 as of 2013 according to Statistics Canada; the most recent of their demographic-related censuses were performed in 2011. They show that Canada's overall population has increased 11.6% from 2006-2011. Most provinces increasing approximately 10% in the same time period, however, the least growth of population was experienced by Newfoundland and Labrador (0.3%), while Alberta's population increased by 22.5% being the most than any other province or territory. Most of our country's population in both male and female belong to a group known as the "Baby Boomers", who are now in their early 40's to 50's. The population of these people being so large not only in Canada but all around the world results from the trend of having an average of 4-6 children in most families in the mid 1960's-70's. This is also due to the immigration to Canada in the 1980's-90's of people in their early adult lives being very dense. Obviously the birth rate and trend has decreased since "back then" and as of July 2011 (Statistic Canada Census) the country's Birthrate was: 11.4 births/1000 people, while the Death-rate was: 7.5, making the Natural Increase-Rate: 3.9. All these demographics show that Canada is a well-developed country.
^Here is a population pyramid of Canada's males and females as of the year 2013. Most of the population belongs in the 45-59 yr old age-group (Baby-Boomers). Most immigrants are just under this category, so they are eventually (pretty soon) in the Baby-Boomer category as well.

A Brief Overview of Canada's Immigration

Being a country with a lot of pull factors and appeal to people in less-developed or corrupt countries, Canada has a lot of immigrants, who come here in hopes to become permanent residents. The immigration rate of Canada in 2011 was 7.8 while the emigration rate was 1.5, making the Net Migration Rate 6.3. This makes immigrants (or foreign-born people) 20.6% of the total population. Although Canadians have a very diverse background, most of the immigrants have emigrated mainly from all over Asia, but also the Caribbean, Africa, and South-America over the course of the past ten years. When choosing where to reside in Canada, most immigrants tend to live in Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec or Alberta. 7 out of 10 immigrants choose to live in the densely populated urban areas such as Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver. A good 19.1% of Canada's total population (mostly immigrants) belong to the Visible Minority Group. Most people in this group belong to the 33.4 to 40.1 age group (Baby-Boomers). Camada's population, economy and reputation is mainly because of the abundance of immigrants the country is host to.

A Brief Overview of Canada's Aboriginals

Out of Canada's total population, only 8.5% of the population is Aboriginal (including First Nations, Metis, and Inuit) Peoples. Most Aboriginal groups tend to reside in the Western and Northern provinces of Canada; mostly North West Territories, Nunavut, Yukon, B.C, Alberta, and even some parts of Manitoba and Ontario. Unfortunately, Aboriginals face a lot of poverty and inequality, making up 24% of all the people in Canada suffering from poverty. Approximately 55.6% of Aboriginals are living in scarce conditions especially off-reserve, although The Aboriginals originally decided to come and live in Canadian cities rather than their government-granted reserves to avoid the poverty faced on reserves as well. To add to the poverty, Aboriginals also have to deal with the lack of a moderate health-care and education system and a high rate of unemployment. Sadly, this is due to the fact that only 68% of Aboriginal children attend school, 31% of which move on to high-school. Only 8% of the remaining Aboriginals have the facilities and privilege to continue to have a complete education including a university or college degree. Not only are the Aboriginal's living conditions un-livable, they are losing touch touch with their traditions and heritage; for example, only 24% of the Aboriginals in Canada know how to communicate in their native language. Sadly, the little of what is left of the original founders of our country are slipping away from their true identities. Recently, it has also been found that the Canadian government is still trying to assimilate the Aboriginals. Many of the fatalities put upon them are because of the governments' lack of interest and effort; for example, the Aboriginal communities and facilities (on-reserve) are not being fairly funded or sought after, despite the many previous treaties made with the English. Whats suprising is that although the treaties were all made originally on behalf of the English Crown, the Aboriginal's current conditions are looked upon as the Canadian Government's responsibilites, which looking at Canada's political status is a very fair and diligant responsibility. All in all, the Natives of Canada needed to be treated fairly as they area very important part of our past, present and most-likely future!
Governor General David Johnston talks about his thoughts and results of the Native's protests, specifically Chief Theresa Spence's Hunger Strike. (*stop at 2:45*)

What will Canada be like in the Near Future...2050?

Future Demographics

In my opinion, both Canada's birth and death rates will decrease. First off, the trend amongst most people in their adolescence now is to have 1-2 children in the future. There will be a minimal number of children being born and people deciding (or planning) on starting a family later on in life in comparison to the current trends. As of now, the fertility rate in Canada is 1.63 births per women, and if the population of children being born even now is decreasing (population pyramid above), the number of children being born in to the next generation(s) will rapidly go down as well in developed countries such as Canada; these trend are more significant in the urban areas of even developed countries. This might not be a very negative thing as the world population is getting out of hand, also increasing the poverty almost half the world population faces. On the other hand, the death rate will decrease as well, as the life expectancy is predicted to increase, "slowing" the death rate. Many diseases will are also predicted to being cured shortly, also affecting the death rate in a positive manner- decreasing it. Overall, the Natural Increase Rate will also increase. To conclude, the population of Canada will be steadily decreasing over the next 40-so years, increasing the N.I rate.

Change in Future Immigration

The future of Canadian Immigration, in my opinion will surprisingly increase. This might be due to the fact that a lot of countries might not have an easily accessible source of fresh or clean water, whereas Canada is the host of the Five Great-Lakes, already having the most amount of fresh water in the world. Also, due the temperature shifts throughout the world due to the predicted extreme global warming, Canada might be considered a nice place to live with a relatively cooler/warmer temperature due to our current moderate climate, and the location of water cooling and warming the surrounding air, depending on the weather. In addition, Canada's diverse population, high living standards, along with free and high-class education and health-care, compared to the corruption and poverty occurring in the eastern side of the world will attract the people living in those scarce to Canada.("The West and the Rest"-Hans Rosling)

The most hopeful immigrants in the future will be from countries facing high poverty, war, and overpopulation. In my opinion these will be the countries such as China, Afghanistan and Iran (and other Middle-Eastern countries), and many other undeveloped countries in Africa, and South America. Most people will want to settle in places all over Canada that provide a fresh source of water, and a culture similar to the immigrants' own. Although the choice of urban or rural is a personal choice, the urban hotspots of 2050 will not be a lot more different than now as the attraction would still be in the same areas (Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal). But as the current "hotspots" will be most likely overpopulated and "full", the ones in the future will most likely be nearby to these highly in-demand cities and communities.

But even though, the demand of Canadian immigration may increase, the policies will probably grow more strict as well due to such a high demand, in order to ensure that anyone immigrating to Canada is suitable for our country and vice versa. These judgments will probably be based on a point-system similar to the current one, but one that is much more strict and needs more points to be eligible for citizenship.

Future of Canadian Aboriginals

Considering the current situation of Aboriginals in Canada is very delicate and controversial right now, and groups such as the No More Idle are protesting against the governments' violation and ignorance towards previous treaties, the future of Aboriginal Canadians will probably change for the better. In the next 30-40 years the population of Aboriginals will most likely increase as most of their current population is occupied by children 14 years of age and younger; These children will be at the age of growing their own families by 2050, therefore expanding the Aboriginal's population. As regards to their political and economic status, Aboriginals will hold a more respectable place in society because of the impact they are trying to make today with their hunger strikes and protests (eg.; Chief Theresa Spence and the No More Idle group). So overall I think that the near future of Aboriginal Canadians will change for the better very soon.
PM Harper honours First Nations and Metis communities for their contributions to War of 1812.

*Hopefully many more occasions will present themselves to improve the relations between Aboriginals and Canadians.

How will my Life differ in 2050 from my Parents Current Life in Canada?! ~Audio Clip~


My Life in 2050 by AreebaTahir