World War II

By: Shelby Coultas

The Holocaust

The Holocaust was the mass murder of approximately 6 million Jews (as well as other persecuted groups, such as Gypsies and homosexuals) by the Nazis. Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi party, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were racially superior and that the Jews were a threat to the German racial community. They also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority". In 1933, the Jewish population stood at over nine million. The Germans killed nearly two out of every three Jews as part of the "Final Solution," the Nazi policy to murder all of the Jews of Europe. The Nazis took all of these people to concentration camps, and killed them in different ways. Examples, they would overwork and starve them. They were put to hard labor, fed little, and beaten by guards. Getting shot by guards, and/or chewed up by dogs. Being sent into gas chambers, other times they said they were getting showers, but really just put them in chambers. People were also being exposed to all kinds of contagions because they’re immune systems were weak, and the concentration camps were not sanitary places.

The end of the Holocaust

The Holocaust came to an end when the Allied forces finally invaded Germany, and Adolf Hitler knew he had been defeated. In April of 1945, before the Allies had a chance to capture him, Hitler committed suicide.


PEARL HARBOR

Pearl Harbor

On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor began. The Japanese aircraft carriers began launching their planes and in total, 183 Japanese aircrafts took to the air as part of the first wave of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The Pearl Harbor attack plan had two main goals; to destroy American aircraft carriers, and the sinking of as many other capital ships as possible. The attack at Pearl Harbor outraged Americans so much that war was declared on Japan the following day. Officially bringing the United States into World War II.



Since the Japanese attack was a complete surprise, many of the first torpedoes and bombs dropped hit their targets. The damage was severe; that morning the United States lost 1998 navy personnel, 109 Marines, 233 army personnel, and 48 civilians that were killed in the bombing which resulted in 2,402 soldiers that were killed and 1,282 military personnel and civilians wounded.


End of World War II

To defeat Japan, the USA dropped the world's first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Three days later, on August 9, it dropped a second nuclear bomb on the city of Nagasaki. The bombs destroyed the cities and killed at least 200,000 people. Soon after, Japan surrendered to the USA, and World War II came to an end. Millions of lives were lost in the Second World War, and countries have been forever changed since then