Ocean

By: Victoria Martin

Ocean

An ocean is a large body of water, that contains many organisms. Oceans are found all over the world.

Biotic Factors


Animal and plant communities can include

  • open rock
  • rocky shores
  • salt marches
  • Sandy Shores


Adaptions

Octopus use camouflage to escape detection or to sneak up on their prey.

Bryozoan colonies look like shelf's, but they house hundreds of individuals.

Abiotic Factors

Abiotic Factors for the ocean can include

  • Sunlight
  • Temperature
  • Nutrient available
  • Dissolved minerals
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Community Interactions


Primary producers- plankton

Primary consumers- krill, shrimp, small fished, and squid

Secondary consumers- seals, bigger fish, whales and penguins

Tertiary consumers- killer whales

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Importance of the Ocean

  • house of numerous species of plants and animals, both big and small.
  • without having water, the world would be desert-like places.
  • provides food like fish and shrimp.
  • used for transportation.
  • Mined for minerals.
  • Drilled for crude oil.

Human Impacts of the Ocean

Overfishing: The world if losing species, as well as entire ecosystems.

  • 52% of fish stocks are fully exploited
  • 20% are moderately exploited
  • 17% are overexploited
  • 7% are depleted
  • 1% is recovering from depletion

  • Pollution: is causing the water to become unsafe, and also marine animals are decreasing dues to the animals have skin and eye irritation, and lung and liver problems.


    Oil and Gas: drilling in the ocean is a major threat to marine habitats and species

    Cite sources

    Ocean Biome. (n.d.). Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://www.bioexpedition.com/ocean-biome/


    Ocean Biome. (n.d.). Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://www.bioexpedition.com/ocean-biome/

    http://overfishing.org/pages/why_is_overfishing_a_problem.php


    Ocean Biome. (n.d.). Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://www.bioexpedition.com/ocean-biome/