Zeitgeist- Xenophobia in the 1930s

By Andres Beteta


The fear of things that are different, such as cultures or viewpoints.

Rise of Fascism

  • The rise of Fascism in Europe led a worldwide fear by many cultures.
  • Many Europeans thought that it was the beginning of the end of democracy.
  • Americans started persecuting nationalities related to Fascism, such as German Americans.


  • Stalin's U.S.S.R. caused widespread fear all over the world.
  • Communist party was feared as a "foreign" ideology promoted by European radicals.
  • The alliance between the Nazi's and Soviets during the 1930's caused many to panic over the future of democracy and the world.


  • Persecution of the Jews started spreading in Nazi Germany to blame them for their past problems.
  • This caused the citizens of Germany to fear and hate the Jewish culture.
  • The xenophobia caused by the Nazis against the Jews caused them to flee to other countries and many others were put in concentration camps to die.


  • The tensions in the late 1930's with Japan conquering China caused hate towards their culture in America.
  • The West Coast of the United States segregated the Japanese from others, especially in California.
  • Refusal of business, education, and voting was forbidden on Japanese Americans.

Foreign Workers in America

  • Due to the Great Depression, many Americans did not have a lot of money and jobs were scarce.
  • This led to a prejudice against immigrants who came to America in order to find work.
  • Included Europeans, Mexicans, and Canadians.
  • The fear that they would take their jobs to actual Americans created tensions between the Americans and immigrant workers.