Parenthetical Citations!

By: Jesse, David, & Lina


What is it?

  • Parenthetical citations are a way to cite the origin of information used in your text.

When do you use it/do it?

  • It is used when you paraphrase information or use direct quotes from the sources of information other than your own.

How do you use it/do it?

  • They are called ‘parenthetical’ citations because all of the needed parts of these types of citations are put in parenthesis containing no punctuation. The needed factors are (in this following order); the last name of the creator of the work and which page number you got the information from or the type of work it is. The most common uses for parenthetical citations are quoting books, which in that case you would write in parenthesis the author’s last name (creator of the work) and the page number of the book (type of work) the quote was found on.

Why do you use it/do it?

  • This is used in order to fairly use others’ information by giving the owner credit. It also helps the reader acknowledge credibility in the text and ability to research further the citations that were mentioned.


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