Sociology - Groups
Conformity, Coercion, Groupthink, Social Exchange, & More!
Day 26 - Objective: We will understand why individuals participate in groups.
In Primary Groups...
- Small size
- Face-Face contact
- Continuous contact
- Emotional Support
- Encourage Conformity
In Secondary Groups...
- Contribute to group's goal
- Accomplish a specific purpose
- Volunteer Work
- School Groups/Clubs
Forms attitudes, values, beliefs, norms, and mores.
Junior High, High school, and College friends -- evaluate self in terms of their standards.
Evaluate yourself in terms of their standards & subscribe to their beliefs, values, and norms.
“All men, wish what is noble but choose what is profitable, and while it is noble to render a service not with an eye to receiving one in return, it is profitable to receive one. One ought, therefore, if one can, to return the equivalent of services received, and to do so willingly.”
– Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics, circa 350 B.C. E.
- Conflict theory best describes this type of social interaction.
- Domination can occur through physical force, torture, or death.
- Expressed through social pressure - ridicule, rejection, or withdrawal of affection.
- Parents coerce children with a curfew.
- Guards coerce prisoners with force.
- Governments coerce bad drivers with fines.
Initiation is a form of coercion - wanting to be accepted into a group!
- Conformity is an expectation of socialization
- Examples: Churches, Families, Governments, Social Structure
- Conformity avoids conflict
Can group pressure to conform cause a person to physically punish a victim?
Primary Source: Stanley Milgram, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View, 1974
- Caused by the difficulty of going against group beliefs.
- "Everyone else is doing it."
- People are affected by the "Bystander Effect," and believe in a shared responsibility and sometimes believe, "someone else will do it."
Can you think of any historical events which were fueled by Groupthink?
As you watch this movie - Take Notes about any Sociology Term you find. You will be graded on participation. Watch the Wave = 100. Deviate = Negative Sanction -5 points. Stay awake and alert!
Closing can be found on Google Classroom:
You can choose from the following terms: