Efrain Rios Montt

"The General"

The Man

Born June 16, 1926. Became an army cadet in 1946 then rose to the rank of brigadier-general in 1972.

Came into public office by way of a coup d'etat, March 23, 1982. Creates a campaign of mass murder against Mayans. Lead a military regime documented to have been responsible for massacres, rapes, as well as acts of torture and genocide.

Judge issues warrant for his arrest in 2006, as well as other formal officials during the civil war of Guatemala.

Overthrown in yet another coup in 1983 lead by Óscar Humberto Mejía Victores, his own Defense Minister.

Runs for office again in 2003 and comes in third place. Put under house arrest a year later.

On March 19th, 2013 put on trial for crimes against humanity including the deaths of 1,771 Mayans during 1982-1983.

His rule is considered to be one of the most violent periods in war, an estimated 200,00 people died or went missing during Guatemala's 36 year conflict.

Death Count: 1,771 Mayan people

"The First"

"This is the first time, anywhere in the world, that a former head of state is being put on trial for genocide by a national tribunal," said the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay
Bringing Rios Montt to Justice - Guatemala

Bringing Rios Montt to Justice

This short documentary chronicles the events of the Guatemalan Civil War that ensued for around 36 years. During this war, 200,000 people either died or went missing. Man were sent to military camps where they would be tortured or executed, woman were raped and those who resisted were sent to torture. No mercy was shown to anyone, even pregnant women were taken advantage of, some were even sliced open while they were still alive.

The video goes into detail about the people were executed, a man who was tortured for 15 days is interviewed and a mass grave is seen being excavated. The other points to this documentary include the road to Rios Montt's trial for genocide.

The section I chose begins at 3:10.

"Rios Montt and the Weight of his Actions"

This photograph was taken on March 13, 2013 during the beginning of his trial. Using Adobe Photoshop, I added blood splatters to his face and clothing to represent the death of the native Mayans and the civil war fighters. I felt that blood was needed in this photo because all though he didn't personally kill these people, their blood is on his hands. He needs to be held responsible, their deaths cannot be forgotten.

Essential Question

What were the consequences of Montt's brutal regime on the people of Guatemala?

Translation of Above Picture

Para el que dio

La orden de Agonía

Pido Castigo

For those who gave

The order of Agony

ask for Punishment


1) year, the end of the, and they will be warehoused with some 120 million other documents in the largest police archive of its kind in Latin America.. "Efraín Ríos Montt killer file." Moreorless : Heroes and killers of the 20th century. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.moreorless.au.com/killers/montt.html>.

2) " Al Jazeera English - News ." Al Jazeera English - Live US, Europe, Middle East, Asia, Sports, Weather & Business News. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.aljazeera.com/category/person/efrain-rios-montt>.