Taiga Biome

China Davis, Aniya Borom, Zakeria Hale, & Shawnna Pearson

Taiga Biome Description

The Taiga biome is one that has very long and cold winters. Their summers are short and they are cool in temperature . The cool air masses from the artic can move in rapidly. The average temperature in the summer is from 64 degrees to 72 degrees. However, in the winter months it can be -14 degrees. Taiga biome make 29% of the worlds forest cover.

About The Taiga Biome

The Taiga biome is the home of the needle leaf forest regions. It is a lonely existence in this area. As a result many of the animals in this area often suffer from struggles to find enough food to survive. It may surprise you to discover that this particular biome is the largest one in the world. You will find it over various areas of North America and Eurasia. The largest taiga biomes are found in Russia and Canada.

Taiga Biome Characteristics

There isn't very much annual precipitation that occurs in the taiga biome. There is some though in the summer months. This tends to create problems due to the heavy bark found on the trees there. The outbreak of fires during the summer months in the taiga biome is very high. During the colder time of the year, there are extremely cool winds that make it hard to survive in such conditions.

The rich forest are the taiga biome takes over where the tundra biome ends. During the longer parts of summer, there can be up to 20 hours of daylight given. The temperatures though can severely dip and rise over the course of any 24 hour period. Therefore, you must be ready for what this particular biome offers.

Taiga Biome Flora & Fauna

Due the fact that food sources are even more difficult during the winter, animals in the taiga biome have adapted to this. For example many of them migrate to warmer locations during the winter. They do so for shelter just as much as they do for the ability to find food. Other animals in the taiga biome remain there all winter. However, thy hibernate so they don't need to forage for food during the winter months.

Taiga Threats

Everything is in careful balance between the plants and animals that live in the taiga biome. That is the way that it should be. However, actions from humans such as heavy hunting of the American Black Bear or Moose can cause problems The cutting down of coniferous trees in the taiga biome can also prevent these animals from being able to find enough food to survive there.

Interesting Taiga Biome Facts

- Fires are very common in the taiga biome. These fires are necessary to help rid the area of old and sick trees.

- There is not much variety in plants. Majority of the plants are conifer trees which is why the taiga is referred to as the coniferous forest.

- The conifer trees in the taiga biome are referred to as evergreen. This means they remain green all year round and never drop their leaves.

- Softwood timber is used to make paper. Majority of softwood timber comes from the taiga biome.

- For six months out of the year, the temperature in the taiga biome is below freezing.