1st , 2nd and 3rd degree Burns

Burn safety

1st degree burn

A first-degree burn (also called a superficial burn or wound) is an injury that affects the first layer of your skin. First-degree burns are one of the mildest forms of skin injuries, and they usually do not require medical treatment. However, some superficial burns can be quite large or painful and may require a trip to a doctor.

Treatment & Healing process

Burn treatment depends on the type of burn. First-degree burns usually are treated with skin care products like aloe vera cream or an antibiotic ointment and pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol).

Second-degree burns may be treated with an antibiotic cream or other creams or ointments prescribed by a doctor.

The treatment of third-degree burns may require the process of skin grafting or the use of synthetic skin. Severe burns covering large parts of the body may need more intensive treatments such as intravenous (IV) antibiotics to prevent infection or IV fluids to replace fluids lost when skin was burned.

The three types of burns

What Are the Symptoms of Burns?

The symptoms of burns depend on the cause and type of burn. They can include:


Pain (The degree of pain is not related to the severity of the burn, as the most serious burns can be painless.)

Peeling skin

Red skin

Shock (Symptoms of shock may include pale and clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and fingernails, and a drop in alertness.)


White or charred skin

Effects on skin

Since this burn affects the top layer of skin, the signs and symptoms disappear once the skin cells shed. First-degree burns usually heal within three to six days. Still, you should see your doctor if the burn affects a large area of skin (more than three inches), and if it’s on your face or a major joint.

Second-degree burns are more serious because the damage extends beyond the top layer of skin. This type of extensive damage causes the skin to blister and become extremely red and sore. Some blisters pop open, giving the burn a wet appearance.

Third-degree burns are the worst burns. They cause the most damage, extending through every layer of skin. The damage can even reach the bloodstream, major organs, and bones, which can lead to death.

Safety measures

The best way to fight burns is to prevent them from happening altogether. Certain jobs put you at a greater risk for burns, but the fact is that most of them happen at home. Infants and young children are the most vulnerable to burns. Here are some tips for the preventive measures you can take:

Keep children out of the kitchen while cooking.

Turn pot handles towards the back of the stove.

Place a fire extinguisher near the kitchen.

Test smoke detectors once a month.

Replace smoke detectors every 10 years.

Keep water heater temperature under 120 degrees Fahrenheit.

Measure bath water temperature before use.

Lock up matches and lighters.

Install electrical outlet covers.