The Atlantic Ocean Habitat

By: Lexi Kenyon

Biotic and Abiotic factors

Biotic factors: Anything that is living.

Examples: manatees, sea lions, starfish, shrimp, seals

Abiotic factors: anything that is non-living.

Examples: light availability, tides, currents, temperature, depth

Producers, consumers, and decomposers

-Producers: producers are responsible for the production of organic compounds from aquatic carbon dioxide in the Atlantic ocean.

Examples: algae, phytoplankton, sea weed, kelp, coral

-Consumers: Consumers are organisms of a ecological food chain that receives energy by consuming other organisms.

Examples: sharks, bacteria, fungi, killer whales, sea turtles.

- Decomposers: Decomposers are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so they carry out the natural process of decomposition.

Examples: starfish, sea urchins, sea weed, crabs, shrimp.

Definitions

-coexistence: the act of state of coexisting

Examples: marine birds and marine mammals

-cooperation: an act or instance of working together.

Examples: a parasite and its host

-competition: an interaction between organisms or species in which the fitness in one is lowered by the presence of another.

Examples: two shanks fighting for the same fish.

-parasitism: non mutual relationship between organisms of different species.

Examples: barnacles on a whale.

-mutualist: symbiotic interaction between different species that is mutually beneficial.

Examples: clown fish dewelling among the tentacles of sea anemones

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Cycles

Water Cycle-

Water rains from clouds, which are condensed water. Then, the water pools on the earth below. It may move but eventually it will heat up from the sun and evaporate, rise and turn back into clouds. This cycle happens again and again and again!

Carbon Cycle-

Carbon moves from the atmosphere to plants, Carbon moves from plants to animals, Carbon moves from plants and animals to the ground, Carbon moves from living things to the atmosphere, Carbon moves from fossil fuels to the atmosphere when fuels are burned, Carbon moves from the atmosphere to the oceans.

Nitrogen Cycle-

Nitrogen is used by life forms to carry out many of the functions of life. Nitrogen is especially important to plant life. But nitrogen in its gaseous form is almost entirely useless. It must first be converted or "fixed" into a more usable form. The process of converting nitrogen is called fixation.

After nitrogen is fixed, it can be absorbed and used by plants and then subsequently used by animals.

The process of nitrogen being fixed, used by plants and animals, and later returned to the atmosphere is referred to as the nitrogen cycle.