The Terracotta Warriors

By S. Tzannes

Who is Associated with the Terracotta Warriors?

China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi, declared to have a Clay Army built over his tomb to join him in the afterlife. He believed that the Clay Army would represent his ferocious military and his great accomplishments during his reign. Combat was his lifehood and victory was his only aim, as he and his people reveled in ethics, arts, and necessities.

What are the Terracotta Warriors?

The Terracotta warriors were a representation of Qin Shi Huangdi's successful and ferocious military.The entire army takes up an area of 16,300 square meters. The army consists of 8,000 statues, arranged in battle formation. It can be split up into three areas, or pits. Each pit ranks a warrior by their ultimate power.

The Process

The Clay Army was created by laborers, local craftsmen, and engineers in a staggering 30 years . Each statue was painstakingly crafted with care and was elaborately detailed. The body parts (head, torso, legs, arms, and hands) were made separately with clay, assembled and then fired. As you can see in the image to the right, the statues look like dirt, however, when they were created, they were very colorful. Colors ranged from black to bright pink. Each individual statue was dressed in full regalia and had unique armor, garments, belts, shoes and accessories. Before the entire statue was lacquered, clay was added to make every statue have a different face.

Where are the Terracotta Warriors Located?

The Terracotta Warriors are located in the eastern suburbs of Lingtong County, 35 km away from Xi'an, China. A museum was built over the army that is now known as Emperor Qin Shi Huandi's Mausoleum Site Museum. Built in 1975, this museum attracts millions of tourists from all around the world.

When were the Terracotta Warriors Discovered?

On the morning of March 29, 1974 in Lingtong County, farmers were digging for water. Unexpectedly, a statue was found. This find peeked archeologists interest and an excavation was conducted discovering the eighth wonder of the world. After years of digging, an entire clay army of 8,000 statues was unearthed.

Bibliography

Works Cited

O'Connor, Jane. The Emperor's Silent Army: Terracotta Warriors of Ancient China. New York: Viking, 2002. Print.

"Terra Cotta Warriors." Terra Cotta Warriors Facts. Destination360, 2009. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.

"Terracotta Army." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2010. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.