Vietnam War Smore

By: Talisen, Zach, Chris

"I know..." "I don't know..."

Cold War: War between U.S and USSR, war of nerves. Involved no fighting, was a nuclear showdown.
Containment: The policy of stopping the SPREAD of Communism.
DMZ: Demilitarized zone, where treaties and no violence would take place inside warring countries.
Domino Theory: If we didn't stop the spread of Communism in Korea, other countries would follow.
Draft: Mandatory for men picked to fight in war
William Westmoreland: In control of U.S forces in Korea
Ho Chi Minh: Leader of Communist North Korea
My Lai Massacre: Massacre of 300 to 500 unarmed civilians in South Korea
National Liberation Front: Another name for the Viet Kong.
Ngo Dinh Diem: Leader of South Korea
Pentagon Papers: Papers that stated that the U.S had enlarged the scale of the war by bombing Laos and other surrounding countries.
Tet Offensive: Largest campaign in the war, aggressive communist attacks, but ultimately beaten.
Viet Kong: Group of South Koreans who wanted to be communist, attacked U.S troops
Vietnamization: train and equip South Koreans to fight/protect themselves

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution


The resolution is talking about Communist Vietnam violating international laws by attacking of United States’ naval vessels in peaceful waters. It also talk about how North Vietnam and communism has been taking away the freedom of the people in Vietnam and other neighboring country around saying they want to protect the people’s freedom and safety to work and not be under the control of communism. The resolution allowed the president to take all necessary to stop any attacks from North Vietnam.

The impact of this incident cause a unofficial war on North Vietnam in which the president has the ability to attack them. It was used as a legal basis for both LBJ and Nixon for their military policies. It would later be repeal cause of the public outrage and hatred for it in 1971.

Creating Context

1956

Despite Washington’s promise to honor the Geneva Accords, an American Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) takes over the training of South Vietnamese forces in late April. This represents the beginning of the “advisory” force that will number nearly a thousand troops by the end of the Eisenhower administration.

1956

The French command disbands and French troops leave South Vietnam.

1956

In violation of the Geneva Accords Diem begins to arrest all those identified as involved in the war against the French. Facing opposition across the south as America’s “puppet,” Diem initiates a terror campaign and begins forcibly to displace peasants from their ancestral villages into government holding camps, or “strategic hamlets.”

1957

On January 3, 1957 the International Control Commission declares that both North and South Vietnam had failed to comply with the Geneva Agreements.

1961

J. F. K. sends 400 American combat troops to South Vietnam as advisors.

1962

The Cuban Missile crisis occurs in October.

Number one most important event during Vietnam War because it is the closes we ever get to war with Russia.

1963

The U.S. begins to publicly distance itself from him and his administration. In November a coup supported by the U.S. overthrows Diem and his brother Nhu who are assassinated.

Third most important cause us supported diems assassination

1967

By the end of the year there are approximately 500,000 U.S. servicemen in Vietnam with just over 9,000 KIAs (for a cumulative total of 16,000) and nearly 100,000 wounded.

1969

In March the troop strength reaches its peak level of 541,000.

1970

In October Nixon announces a plan for a cease fire and announces that a further 40,000 American troops will be withdrawn from South Vietnam by the end of the year.

Second most important for it signifies the end of the Vietnam War.

Vietnam Veteran Synopses

John Keeler who was born in Seattle, Washington 1944 born into a mother and father who were a nurse and physician and three sister and one brother. He went to school in New Jersey and in 1968 join the military as 7th Army Special Troops as the Personal Management Specialist. He would spend most of the time in Europe and didn’t go right into the front line of the Vietnam War but would do special work in both Vietnam and Europe during the time to defend against any communist attacks that might come into play. John would then go on to higher education and go to start his career at the Country College of Morris.

Music

Top 10 Vietnam protest songs

1. Revolution – the Beatles

2. Eve of Destruction – Barry McGuire

3. The times they are a Changin – Bob Dylan

(top 3 songs cause they have the best rhythm)

4. Masters of war-Bob Dylan

5. Put a little love in your heart- Jackie DeShannon

6. Give peace a chance- John Lennon

7. It better end soon- Chicago

8. Draft dodger rag- Phil Ochs

9. Get together- the Youngbloods

10. People got to be free- the Rascals


Top 3 because they have the best rhythm

Heros or Villians

Hugh Thompson - Hero: He testified in court for the wrong doings of William Calley Jr. He knew what they were doing was wrong and stood up to death threats and other things like that. He is a hero due to the fact that he knew what was wrong and wasn't afraid to speak out.
William Calley - Villain: He was the one that ordered his men to do this horrifying action. He allowed his men and ordered them to massacre unarmed civilians, as well as mutilate their bodies. He even joined in himself. He was convicted, thankfully, as he should have been.