Mediterranean Diet & Hip Fractures

Kaitlyn Fisher

Summary

According to a U.S. study it is found that women are less likely to experience hip fractures when eating a healthy diet, but more specifically a Mediterranean diet. A Mediterranean diet consists of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and nuts and seeds. This conclusion was unusual considering this diet does not contain much dairy or calcium which is known to "build strong bones". It is known that the Mediterranean diet improves brain and heart health, but this is the first instance in which we have heard of it benefiting the musculoskeletal system. Ninety-thousand women participated in this study all between the ages of fifty to seventy nine. This is a key component considering osteoporosis, or the breakdown of bones, becomes most prevalent in women once they reach menopause. The statistics have shown that women were a third of a percent less likely to break a hip over sixteen years since the study started in 1998 when taking in a Mediterranean style diet. Data related to diet was collected through surveys that compared four main diets including a Mediterranean diet, the DASH diet (used for hypertension), Healthy Eating Index 2010, and Alternative Eating Index 2010. Overall, there was no correlation between the Mediterranean diet and total fractures or other diets and hip or total fractures. In conclusion, this data should be considered carefully because physical activity has already been proven to prevent hip fractures and those who tend to eat healthier are also likely to keep up with exercising. This means that more than just diet can play significant roles in bone health.
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Critique

I found this article on foxnews.com in the health section. Overall this article was well written and organized. Although this article does not have a reported author it was endorsed through FOX News and published on March 28, 2016. The lack of a cited author indicates a possibility that the author is not a credible source or does not hold the credentials to publish information about one's health. This does not necessarily point towards that as being fact, however having a cited author could clear up any misconceptions about the article and the author. Also, the small margin of difference between the risks of hip fractures from significantly different diets begs the question of motive for publishing an article on a major media outlet. Although the author who remains unnamed had scientific references from prestigious academic institutions such as Harvard professor Dr. Walter Willett, the article itself has little scientific infusion aside from scientific references and participants of a volunteer study. This could lead to a possible assumption that the author of the article is not well versed in nutrition or any scientific literature for that matter; which again begs the motive for writing the article as being more eye-catching and less factual and productive to the reader. Another questionable point in this article is when the author states the omission of calcium as a piece of the Mediterranean-style diet. The common reader should most likely be able to recognize the connection between calcium and bone health realizing that logically bones would be more likely to fracture with the absence of calcium in their diet. This information can be contradictory to common knowledge about nutrition and bone health.

Citation

Mediterranean diet tied to lower hip fracture risk | Fox News. (2016, March 28). Retrieved April 07, 2016, from http://www.foxnews.com/health/2016/03/28/mediterranean-diet-tied-to-lower-hip-fracture-risk.html