The Battle of Midway

by: Jenell Johnson

Battle Background

The Battle of Midway happened just six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and just one month after the Battle of Coral Sea. It was considered the turning point of WW2. It was also an end to many Japanese naval successes, as the Americans used their advantages to victory.

Location


As a result of the Battle of the Coral Sea, which had taken place a month earlier, Japanese Pacific expansion had been temporarily halted. Now Japanese admiral Isoruko Yamamoto wanted to force a decisive clash in the Pacific before US industrial power was fully mobilized against Japan. His chosen location was Midway Atholl, a small and solitary archipelago northeast of Hawaii. Yamamoto knew that the US would defend Midway to the bitter end. If the archipelago fell, Hawaii would fall within range of Japanese aircraft, allowing Japan to invade within a matter of weeks.

Nations Involved

Japan and The United States

Generals Involved

Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku and Admiral Chester W. Nizmitz

Goals

Japan: To knock out the American navy at Pearl Harbor so they could pursue the consolidation of lands throughout the budding empire they were already calling the Great East Asia Co-Prosperity


The US: To use their advantage of knowing Yamamoto's plans that the American radio nets in the Pacific intercepted.

Key Military Strategies

Japan: Taking out the US Navy

Outcome of the Battle

On June 7, 1942, the Battle of Midway one of the most decisive U.S. victories in its war against Japan comes to an end. In the four-day sea and air battle, the outnumbered U.S. Pacific Fleet succeeded in destroying four Japanese aircraft carriers with the loss of only one of its own, the Yorktown, therefore reversing the tide against the previously invincible Japanese navy.

Long Lasting Impact of the Battle

The long term effects of this battle are that it made the U.S. the superior naval power in the pacific ocean, changing the tide of fighting in the pacific. This helped the U.S. stage more effective attacks against Japan and its Axis allies.