SAY HI TO HYBRIDS

Ava Burns & Andrea Hult

What is a Hybrid?

A vehicle is a hybrid if it utilizes more than one form of high density energy to achieve the act of driving or moving forward. This usually means a hybrid will have a traditional internal-combustion engine and a fuel tank, as well as one or more electric motors and a battery pack.

Advantages

-Clean Energy: lowers greenhouse gas emissions

-Performance Improvements: better gas mileage

-Incentives: tax benefits and savings by little money spent on fuel

-Regenerative Breaking: each time you break, the battery gets recharged a little

-Lower Fossil Fuel Dependence: reduces dependence on foreign oil=less greenhouse gasses

-Lighter Weight: doesn't have to expend as much energy, while doing the same task

-Warranties: electric batteries are expected to last up to 200,000 miles, and most come with a 8-year warranty

-Electric Hybrids: run strictly from a power outlet; all electric

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Disadvantages

-Low Power Output: built for economy, not for speed

-Poor Handling: do not handle as well as conventionally-powered vehicles

-High Center of Gravity: Hybrids are usually front-wheel drive, and the easiest and safest -place for the batteries tend to be in the rear of the car. This distributes weight away from the drive wheels which tends to have a negative effect on performance.

-Maintenance Costs: Hybrid vehicles also cost more to repair because of the complexity of the dual compulsion system used in most hybrid vehicles; brakes and tires need to be replaced more often, due to increased weight of the hybrid vehicle

2012 Ford Escape Hybrid:


  • 34 mpg
  • $30,500
  • guarantee battery life will last at least 8 years or 80,000 miles
  • most fuel-efficient vehicle today
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