Genetic Engineering

Nick Harness

What is Genetic Engineering?

Genetic Engineering is changing the genetic makeup of a living organism by adding another species' trait into its genome.

GMO's (Genetically Modifed Organisms)

GMO's are one of the products of genetic engineering. The genes of a plant are spliced and foreign genes from another plant/animal are added into it. This is done to add resiliency to weather/pests. Also to make immune to chemicals like Round-Up.

GMO's Importance

GMO's are important to humans and society because they are more resistant to drought and other chemicals making their yields higher, and more food for consumption.

GMO's Insignificance

Many things about are unknown because they are a newer technology. We are still learning many things about them. Including how they affect our bodies or whether they contribute to the spread of diseases and cancers.
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Research

There has been very few studies on GMO's done. Monsanto, the worlds leading bio-engineering company has conducted or funded almost all of them, there is few reports of them doing harm.

Medical Enhancements

Genetic Engineering is used for creating new medicine. One of these include insulin for diabetes. It is developed using genetically engineered microbes. These microbes create human insulin that is less likely to cause an allergic reaction. Unlike the previously used cow/pig insulin.

Transgenic Animals in Agriculture

Transgenics has been utilized since the domestication of animals. By breeding certain animals to get a desired trait. Now we are focusing on its' genetic makeup to bring out more product. Like cows; we have genetically modified them to be more efficient in producing milk and lowering the disease count.
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Bibliography

Wheeler, Matthew B. "Transgenic Animals in Agriculture." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 2013. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.

"ABPI - Resources for Schools." Making Human Insulin. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.

"Food, Inc." Genetically Modified Organisms. Karl Weber. Book.