By: Sierra Weldon
*Japan- a chain of islands that stretches north to south in the northern Pacific Ocean.
*The four largest islands in Japan are: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu
*Jomon- means "cord marks" in Japanese language.
*Yayoi- Japanese culture
*clan- A group of families related by blood or marriage.
*Jimmu- Yamato (Japanese clan) leader
*constitution- plan of government
*Shotoku- Yamato prince
*Animism- belief that all natural things are alive and have their own spirits.
*Shrines- holy places
*Heian- a capital city
*Samurai- class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land.
*Minamoto Yoritomo- the leader of the Minamoto
*Shogun- commander of all of the emperor's military forces.
*Kamakura- a small seaside town
*Ashikaga Takauji- a Japanese general
*Dalmyo- powerful military lords
*Vassal- in feudalism, a noble who held land from and served a higher- ranking lord, and in return was given protection.
*Feudalism- political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals.
*Sects- smaller religious groups
*Martial arts- sports that involved combat and self- defense.
*Meditation- practice of quiet reflection to clear the mind and find inner peace.
*Calligraphy- the art of writing beautifully.
*Tanka- Japan's oldest form of poetry.
*Murasaki Shikibu- She wrote The Tale of Genyi.
*Kyoto- (capital) became a major center of production and trade.
*Guilds- medieval business group formed by crafts people and merchants.