The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a transition to new manufacturing process in the period from about the 18th century and 19th century. The transition included going from hand production to machines. Prior to the industrial revolution, which began in Britain in the 1700's, manufacturing was often done in people's homes, using hand tools or basic machines. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine played central roles in the industrial revolution, which also improved systems of transportation, communication, and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured goods and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes.
Inventors and Inventions
Child labor was a huge problem back in the industrial revolution times. Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Child labor was employed to varying extents through most of history. Before 1940, numerous children aged 5–14 worked in Europe, the United States and various colonies of European powers. These children worked home-based assembly operations, factories, and mining. Some children had to night shifts lasting 12 hours. The incidence of child labor in the world decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which parts are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from work station to work station where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced. By mechanically moving the parts to the assembly from work station to work station, a finished product can be assembled faster and with less labor than by having workers carry parts to a stationary piece for assembly. Assembly lines are the common method of assembling complex items such as automobiles and other transportation equipment, household appliances and electronic goods.
Turning Points in History - Industrial Revolution