Celebrating Religious Diversity

The Eight Aspects of Religion

Beliefs - Beliefs are core to a religion as they are the key understandings about a religion and how the operate like, how to live your life, how you should treat humans and animals or the belief of a God or Heaven.

Sacred Stories - Sacred stories are stories that have been told for many generations about a person, place or happening. These stories would need to be relevant to the religion like, someone gaining their eyesight back though a miracles.

Religious Experience - Religious Experiences are times when you experience the religion yourself like going to church and praying for someone you know.

Religious Rituals - Religious Rituals are repetitive acts you would do in your religion for example are praying, gathering to a place of worship and completing sacraments.

Social Structure - Social Structure is the structure the people and the places of religions like lay people at the bottom, Priests, Bishops, Arch-Bishops, Cardinal and the Pope.

Sacred Text - A Sacred Text is a text that has been written by a God or Prophet.

Religious Ethics - Religious Ethics are a set of rules and guild lines that the people of the religion must follow. Some examples are, treat others how you want to be treated which is one rule that is in all main religions.

Sacred Symbols - Sacred Symbols are symbols that have a strong meaning in a religion like the cross in Christianity or the crescent moon and star in Islam

Catholicism and Buddhism

The Ecumenical Movement

The Ecumenical Movement began in 1910 and the goal was to unite the Christan churches of the world to make one united church. There was a big push for the movement when Vatican II was around, though before Vatican II there was much hostility between the churches. Some of the differences are that some churches do not believe Mary is the mother of God, how the Eucharist works and if it is a transformative experience or a symbolic experience.
The current Pope has put this high on his agenda as it is quite an important thing.

The Second Vatican Council

The Second Vatican Council was about modernising the church and to fix up things that wasn't relevant to this day and age. Some of the things that they have fixed up are,

Services changed to local language

Involvement of lay people

Priest faces the congregation

Communion now able to receive and accept the host and allowed to chew

Introduction of wine and able to be received by others

Woman allowed to enter church without a head covering

Role of woman changed somewhat, allowed to read

Nuns no longer required to wear a habit

Changing of ideas about other religions, introduced towards other religions

How God is revealed to us

Modern world

Modern means of communication.


Bibliography

Dimensions of Religion worksheet
Vatican II and the Ecumenical Movement notes