The hittites

1700-1200 BCE

Location

We believe that the Hittites migrated into the Asia Minor from northeast of the Caucasus Mountains where they originated from. They occupied the Anatolian Plateau in modern-day Turkey. They spread a lot, for example towards Syria and raided deep into the old empire of Babylonia.
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Advanced Cities

The Hittites first conquest was the town of Nesa. After Nesa came the town of Hattusas, which Labarna set as his capital.

Social Structure

The family roles were based on the patriarchal system. The father of the family had the power of death and life over his children. Women got less wage than males and the pay of females was half the pay of males.

Government

Kings or emperors ruled hittites from the town of Hattusas and the king wasn't only a ruler but also a god. The king led the army, which now had iron weapons instead of bronze weapons.

Religion

The Hittites religion was heavily influenced by nearby civilizations and they were polytheistic .

Writing and language

-The Hittites spoke an Indo-European language, but most of the things we know about the Hittites come from cuneiform writings written on tablets that were found fromruins in Turkey.

-One primary sources document is the code of nesilim

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Contributions

- Hittites were the first to develop the process of melting iron in large quantities, which gave them an advantage over bronze weapons used at the time.

-The humane system of law was one of the most significant achievements and the Hittites were known as the "people of 1000 laws".

Artifacts

TREATY OF KADESH

This tablet contains the text from the treaty of Kadesh, which is the earliest peace treaty known. The treaty was made between the Hittite and the Egyptian empires.
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This item was used for religious standards in tombs.
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Analysis

The Hittites lived in the Asia Minor close to the Egyptians. Their capital was the town of Hattusas which was set by Labarna. The Hittites had a pretty advanced social structure. For example their family roles were based on the patriarchal system and they had a humane system of law. The hittites were ruled by kings and emperors and the king was also a god and led the army. The Hittites were polytheistic. They spoke an Indo-European language but their writing was in cuneiform. They were also the first ones to develop the process of melting iron in large quantities which gave them a huge advantage.

Bibliography

"Ancient History Sourcebook: The Code of the Nesilim, C. 1650-1500 BCE." Internet History Sourcebooks. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014. - The primary source documentation

"Hittite Research - A Short Overview." Academia.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. - used for all sorts of information

"?STANBUL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUMS." ?STANBUL ARKEOLOJ? MÜZELER?. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014. - Artifact


Davis, Paul K., and Allen Lee Hamilton. "Hittites." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. - Used for all sorts of information


"New Kingdom of Egypt, ca. 1450 BCE." Map. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. - The map