Russian Revolution

1917 at Russia

Secondary source

Beginning in 1918 had to fight a devastating civil war against anti-Bolshevik White Army forces. In 1920, the anti-Bolsheviks were defeated, and in 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established.
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Primary source

By 1917, most Russians had lost faith in the leadership ability of Czar Nicholas II. Meanwhile, the economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort, and moderates joined Russian radical elements in calling for the overthrow of the czar. After that Czar and his family were executed by Bolshevik force in july 1918.

who Revolted

    The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 when the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union.

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Why they revolt?

Led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin, leftist revolutionaries launch a nearly bloodless coup d’État against Russia’s ineffectual Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in the Russian capital of Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and within two days had formed a new government with Lenin as its head. Bolshevik Russia, later renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was the world’s first Marxist state.

How did they organize?

They organized only those who were participants in revolutionary activity ... In their inexperience, the workers did not link their struggle with the peasant revolts.

How did the people overthrow the government?

The workers in the cities worked very long hours - up to 14 hours a day, six days a week, for very little pay, and many lived in dormitories as house building had not kept pace with demand.