How the Federal Court System Works
By: Koby Brown
The Court of Appeals
- The Court of Appeals is the 2nd level in the Federal Court system
- The Court of Appeals has appellate jurisdiction
- 12 U.S Court of Appeals supervise a strict which is called a Circuit
- The Appeals Court does not hold trials and does not determine guilt or innocence; only if the trial was fair
- A panel of 6-27 judges are used and they can either uphold, overturn, or remand a case
- After a case Judges write opinions, which explain the legal thinking behind the court's decision on the case
- The opinion, in turn, then sets a precedent or a model for other judges to follow when making future decisions
- U.S Attorney- A government leader that represents the U.S government in all cases and who prosecutes people accused of breaking the federal law. Also presents the evidence in court.
- U.S Marshall- These people make arrests, collect fines, and take convicted people to prison. There is one in every federal judicial district. They also protect jurors, keep order in the court, and serve subpoenas ordering people to appear in court.
- Magistrate Judge- They decide whether accused people should be held in jail or released on bail, determine whether the case should go to trial and do most of the judge's routine work.