The constitutional Convention

Four weaknesses

1. Congress did not have the power to tax.

2. There was no national court system.

3. Laws required 9113 majority to pass in congress.

4. There was no executive branch.

Issues Faced

1. The north and south argued on how to count enslaved people.

A. The north didn't want to count the slaves.

B. the south wanted to count the slaves

SOLUTION: the three fifths compromise was to count each enslaved person as three-fifths of a free person.

2. The delegates had to decide whether to simply revise the articles of confederation or write a constitution for a new national government.

A. The Virginia plan wanted to revise the articles of confederation.

B. the New Jersey plan wanted to amend, or Improve, the articles of confederation.

SOLUTION: the states voted to use the Virginia plan to work towards the national government.

3. They had to resolve the thorny issue of representation that divided the large and small states.

A. One house with equal representation from all states

B. Two houses, with membership proportational to the states population

SOLUTION: they divided the large and small states.

Ratification of the Constitution

1. The new constitution required 9 of the 13 states to approve it.

2. The federalists argued, the constitution would protect the rights of individual. The federalists supported the constitution. The Antifederalists did not support the constitution.

The antifederalists did not want the constitution because they feared a strong national government.

3. The constitution was ratified on June, 21 1788.