Green Revolution and GMOs
By Eleanor LoFrisco
Causes and Results of Bengal Famine (1943)
Three Basic Elements of the Green Revolution in India
2) Double-cropping existing farmland- Instead of having one crop season per year, it was established that there would be two crop seasons per year. The crop season came about based on the fact that there is only one monsoon a year, so, after the Green Revolution, one natural and one artificial monsoon would occur.
3) Using seeds with improved genetics- This scientific aspect was very important because it created high yeild value (HYV) seeds, meaning more income.
Two Positive Results of the Green Revolution in India
- Grain output of 131 million tons in 1978-1979, establishing India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.
- Yeild per unit of farmland improved more than 30 percent between 1947 and 1979.
Three Positive Economic, Political, or Sociologic Results
- Sociological- plenty of jobs because of the creation of more factories
- Political- made Mrs. Indira Gandhi and her party very powerful in India
- Economic- after India paying back all of its loans from the World Bank, India's creditworthiness in the eyes of leading agencies improved
- India has not succeeded in becoming perminantly and totally self-sufficient in food because, even today, its agricultural output sometimes still falls short of demand.
- This country's failure to extend the concept of HYV crops to all crops and regions.
Positives and Negatives Associated with GMOs
- Production increase
- Less impact on soil erosion
- Higher yeilds on less land
- Plants are less seseptable to diseases
- Farming becomes less time consuming
- More of a demand for these types of plants, due to taste
- Increased use of pesticides, poisoning of farm workers
- Rural people are displaced from land
- Poor farmers cannot buy seeds
- Wealthy cooperations invested and got richer, driving the poor independent farmers to a neo-colonialism
- Doesn't solve world hunger