No Aid for HIV AIDS!

Chelsea Chang and Mohammad Nayani

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

HIV or human immunodeficiency virus, is the virus that causes AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV kills or damages cells of the body's immune systems T cells, or T helper cells, which is a type of white cell vital to fighting infection.

Basic Info on viruses

Viruses are not living organisms. They are considered parasites to many eyes of scientists. Viruses are not cellular either. Viruses have a protein coat, DNA or RNA, and enzymes. DNA or RNA is surrounded by a capsid. Some have an envelope surrounding the capsid. RNA viruses are called retroviruses. Viruses cause disease in animals, plants, and bacteria. Viruses infect cells and also use cells to make more viruses. Since viruses cannot reproduce on their own, they rely on cells. Once the virus attach themselves to the cell, they inject the virus into the host. The cell then begins to make virus parts. Lastly the viruses break free from the cell. Viruses are very small. They are smaller than the cells they affect. You cannot see them with the naked human eye. Viruses are not cells because they lack metabolism, cannot produce on their own, cannot move, no respiration, do not eat, and they have no cellular structures. There are two paths of infection. The lytic cycle and the lysogemic cycle.

Symptoms for AIDS

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Rash
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Mouth or genital ulcers
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Joint pain
  • Night sweats
  • Diarrhea
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How it's spread

HIV AIDS can only be spread by having unprotected sexual intercourse or by sharing injection drug equipment like needles. Only certain bodily fluids are the way HIV AIDS can be spread like blood and etc.

Aids is fatal!

39 million people have died from aids! 3.2 million are under the age of 15. In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million people were newly infected with HIV. Nearly 240 people every hour are contacted with HIV. In 2013 alone, 1.5 million people died from AIDS.
HIV and AIDS
Why it’s so hard to cure HIV/AIDS - Janet Iwasa

Treatments for AIDS

There is no cure for AIDS, however, a variety of drugs can be used in combination to control the virus. Each class of anti-HIV drugs blocks the virus in different ways. It's best to combine at least three drugs from two classes to avoid creating strains of HIV that are immune to single drugs. So beware, you can only lessen the fire- not get rid of it.

AIDS prevention

HIV and AIDS are preventable. In order to protect yourself, avoid contact with infected bodily fluids like blood. Don't have unprotected. Also, never share a needle with anyone. Wear gloves if you're helping someone with an injury or cut to avoid contact with blood.