Theme Analysis Definition

By Adi Chintalapudi

What is it?

Theme analysis is the examination and categorization of the subject and thought of the writer's literary text. The patterns of a text give insight to the underlying messages and purposes of the speaker. Upon finding the underlying patterns and meanings of a literary text, the reader can fully understand the argument made by the speaker.

When do you use it?

Theme analysis is used in any professional or longer piece of literary text. It is used in these longer texts because they often have recurring language and constant patterns throughout the text. Theme analysis is done when the reader requires a thematic or wholistic view of a piece due to the correlation between analyzing a text and comprehension of the main idea and bigger message.

How do you use it?

Theme analysis is used by finding recurring patterns within a literary text and grouping them as underlying subject matters within a piece. As one examines a text, he or she can see how themes such as "love always wins" and "one cannot escape destiny" describe the events within a literary piece. The reader uses the analysis to predict and understand the events as they occur through a text.

Why do you use it?

Theme analysis is used as a method of prediction and explanation for the events of a literary text. Once the theme is identified, the reader is able to apply this theme to the entire literary text and understand the literary text. The theme is able to give insight to many of the nuanced arguments created by the speaker.