Plutonium

By:Sid Alexander

Basic Information

dense silvery radioactive metal of the actinium series, used as a fuel in nuclear reactors and as an explosive in nuclear fission weapons. Plutonium only occurs in trace amounts in nature but is manufactured in nuclear reactors from uranium-238.

Plutonium was discovered in 1941 by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg and Edwin McMillan, Kennedy, and Wahl by Deuteronomy bombardment of uranium in the 60-inch cyclotron of the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory at the University of California.

Protperties

Plutonium’s color is silver

It‘s melting point is 641 degrees Celsius

Its boiling point is 3,232 degrees Celsius

Uses

Plutonium was used in several of the first atomic bombs, and is still used in nuclear weapons. The complete detonation of a kilogram of plutonium produces an explosion equivalent to over 10,000 chemical explosions.


Plutonium is also a key material in the development of nuclear power. It has been used as a source of energy on space missions, such as the Mars Curiosity Rover and the New Horizons spacecraft on its way to Pluto.

3 Compounds

Plutonium(IV) Phosphate

Plutonium(II) Trisulfide

Plutonium(V) Oxide

Periodic Table Information

Atomic number: 94

Atomic mass: 244

Protons: 94

Neutrons:150

Electrons:94

244 Pu

94

Plutonium-244

Model

Big image

Valence Elcetrons

Plutonium has 2 valence electrons

Lewis Dot Diagram

Group

plutonium's group name is Actinides

Can lose multiple electrons to form a variety of different ions.

All actinides are radioactive

All actinides are Para-magnetic

All actinides have several crystalline phases.

Actinides combine directly with most nonmetals.

Reaction Type

The type of reaction for plutonium is Single Replacement


2Pu + 2H2O→ 2Pu(OH)+ H2

Aerial view of an atomic bomb explosion

Mole Ratio

2mol Pu: 2 mol H2O: 2 mol Pu(OH): 1 mol H2

Bonding

Plutonium Dioxide:(PuO2)

Ionic compound

O: 11.59%

Pu: 88.41%

Acrostic Poem

Putting

Light

Upon

Testosterone

On

Norwahls

In

Uganda

Missouri

Citations

Stewart, Doug. "Plutonium Element Facts." Chemicool. Chemicool, 2016. Web. 04 May 2016.


Google images, Web. 04-05 May 2016


"Plutonium: Plutonium Dioxide." Plutonium»plutonium Dioxide [WebElements Periodic Table]. Web Elements, n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.


"Physical, Nuclear, and Chemical Properties of Plutonium - Institute for Energy and Environmental Research." Physical, Nuclear, and Chemical Properties of Plutonium - Institute for Energy and Environmental Research. Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.


"PLUTONIUM." Plutonium, Chemical Element. Chemistry Explained, n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.


"Facts About Plutonium." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.