Midwest

Abby Ross

Vocabulary

Humus: Combines with particles of weathered bedrock to help build more soil.

Growing Season: The average number of days between last frost of spring and first frost of fall

Grain Elevators: tall buildings equipped with machinery for loading cleaning mixing and storing grain.

Grain Exchange; a place where buyers and sellers deal for grain.

Regional Variations

Within the broad expanse of the Midwest each climate has differences and soil that affect farming. Ohio gets twice as much precipitation as North Dakota. Near the Canadian Border the growing season is 120 days long and Kansas is nearly 200.In the the warmer, wetter parts of Iowa, corn and soybeans are the major crops. There also the nations leader of livestock espipally hogs. In the Great Plains farmers are more likely to grains such as wheat, oats or sunflowers which are a good source for cooking oil. Northern wetter regions are more likely to raise cattle.

The Nations Breadbasket

Most of the Midwest is relatively flat and its soil is fertile. Long ago,melting glaciers deposited mineral rich materials there that promote plant growth. Iowa produced more ,corn, soybeans, and hogs than any other state in the nation. This allows the U.S. to export size able amounts to other countries. Without the agriculture the Midwest region would be far less affluent.

Linking Transportation to Resources

Many Midwestern cities such as Cleveland, Chicago, Minneapolis, St. Louis, Detroit, and Omaha are located on the shores of the Great Lakes or along Major Rivers. Over 400 Million tons of goods travel through the Mississippi River system each year. Freight cars brought millions of bushels of grain and head of livestock farms further west. In Chicago the livestock was slaughtered and grain was processed. The meat and grain were then shipped eastward by railroads.

The Changing Face of American Farms

By the 1800's the farmers had the ability to grow huge crops of grain but had no way to harvest it quickly. Push and Pull migration factors have played a role in reducing the number of workers in farms. Lower incomes have pushed people off the farms and higher income jobs have pushed them to the cities. The biggest buildings in the Midwestern Cities are often buisness where you see there name on bags of flour.Radio Stations often broadcast frequent report from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and Chicago Board of Trade.

Linking Industries to Resources

Partly because of its supply of rich natural resources the Midwest cities are also home to much heavy manufacturing. Minnesota leads the states in iron ore production . Sizable coal deposits are found in Indiana and Illinois. Easy access to the minerals caused the production of many steel mills in northwestern Indiana and Ohio. Detroit got the Automobile Industry due to its relativity of location near the steel mills.