The Amazon Rainforest

How does biodiversity effect this area?

What is the Amazon Rainforest?

The Amazon Rainforest is located in South America and covers 2.1 million square miles. This rainforest stretches into nine countries which include Brail, Columbia, Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. It also accounts for more than half of the remaining rainforest in the world and is home to more than 10% of the worlds known species. The Amazon Rainforest is important due to the fact it contributes to decreasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which combats climate change. It also produces 20% of the worlds oxygen, and of the plants that are known to have anti-cancer properties, 70% are found in the Amazon Rainforest. Lot's of prescription drugs that save millions of lives have ingredients that are from the Amazon rainforest. Food is also produced naturally in the Amazon Rainforest with nearly 3,000 different fruits coming from it.

Native Plants and Animals

Harmful Activities


Deforestation is the overall largest cause of the loss and harm of the Amazon Rainforest. People generally cut the trees down to make profit on the wood, or even clear more land for farming. Though because of the deforestation the worlds carbon dioxide to be left in the atmosphere which has contributed to climate change. It is estimated now that 15% of greenhouse gas emissions are the result of deforestation. Some 46 to 58 thousand miles of forest are lost each year, so it is obvious why it has contributed so much to climate change. Below are some pictures of the situation of deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest.

Protection Efforts

Tessa Clanton

4th block