Tropical Soda Apple

Maren Lewallen

Scientific Name: Solanum viarum

  • Native to: Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
  • Introduced to USA in 1985 in Florida
  • The pathway of introduction is unknown, but it may has been accidentally introduced with cattle carrying undigested TSA seeds that were imported from Brazil.
  • Tropical soda apple is a threat to the vegetable crop industry as a competitive weed and because it is an alternate host for numerous pathogens that are diseases of eggplant, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, etc.
  • Solution: Triclopyr is very effective for control of emerged tropical soda apple when applied at 1 quart per acre or 1 to 1.5 percent solution with ¼ percent nonionic surfactant.
  • Located in southeastern states