By Lucy Young and Tegan Pounds

Why have we seen a rise in Type 2 diabetes?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine. There is 2 types of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Type 2 is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose, meaning they have insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Diabetes Type 2 is the more common type of diabetes. 90% of all adults in the UK who have diabetes have type 2.

Why has the amount of diabete (type 2) cases increased?

Obesity has become a rising problem in the UK; being obese can increase the possibility of you getting diabetes type 2. In 2011 an additional 132,000 patients were found to have diabetes (as well as 2,912,000 already existing patients). The risk of diabetes increases with age; we have seen the main rise in diabetes in middle-aged (40+) men and women. Obesity can causes insulin resistance which is common in people with type 2 diabetes.

The possibility of getting Type 2 diabetes also increases if your diet is high in calories: the American Diabetes Association have linked sugary drinks to diabetes and have openly suggest that people should limit their intake of sugar, sweets and drinks. This is as they believe eating sugar can raise blood glucose levels. However, avoiding sugar is known to be virtually impossible as most food/drink contains either sugar or carbohydrates.

In addition to this, if you have a relative with the conditions it makes you more likely to be diagnosed with it, otherwise there is no known reason for why certain people develop diabetes.

However eating lots of sweet or being obese does not give you diabetes directly!

Disagreements

Some Scientists believe that having a sedentary lifestyle or having a diet that lacks proper nutrition can actively influence the likelyhood of someone getting Diabetes. Different scientists argue that people's diets are not responsible and that it is purely from inheritance or havnig previous health issues related to Diabetes. Those who agree that diet affects chances of diabetes often also believe that these dietary isssues are due to the rise in availability of artificial (or junk) foods. Artificial foods are now very high in salt, sugar or fats (saturates); as more people are buying ready-made food, diets high in salt, sugar and fat have become common.

Daily Mail

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2287651/Now-1-20-diabetes-Cases-rise-years.html

Now 1 in 20 of us has diabetes: Cases rise by more than a third in six years

This source is an online version of the daily mail newspaper. It provides copies of articles of topic themes such as: sports; TV and Showbiz; Health; Science; Money; and Travel. It was written by Jenny Hope, a journalist for the daily mail. It is likely that the research and statistics are relatively accurate, although facts have known to be exaggerated for media entertainment purposes - in order for people to want to read the articles. The content was originally posted 00:58, 4 March 2013 and was last updated 02:08, 4 March 2013.This is our least reliable source, as some of the information could be one sided of exaggerated, however it contents is regularly updated.

American Diabetes Association

http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/understanding-carbohydrates/sugar-and-desserts.html
The ADA is a credited charity who mainly fund research to cure diabetes. We used their online website which covers all areas about diabetes; 'are you at risk'; 'diabetes basics'; 'living with diabetes'; 'food and fitness'; 'in my community'; 'advocacy'; and 'research and practice'. The ADA give advice and scientific reasons for diabetes and how to prevent it from happening to you. The charity is part of the National Health council; it was written by health experts (such as nutritionists) who give open advice to what diet people with diabetes should have.This is our second most reliable website.

The NHS

http://www.nhs.uk
This source is the official National Health Association website. It's content is mostly free information and health advice. Additionally it gives health news and locations for health services in your area. It is written by doctors and qualified health experts to give the most accurate and detailed information for those worried about their health. It is supported by gov.uk and is a certified member of The Information Standard, meaning the content is reliable and likely to be very accurate. As it is written as open information it is not biased and when giving advice, gives options and solutions without forcing people to take action. The website is regularly updated - as it gives live news stories and edits content where necessary. Therefore we believe this is one of our most creditable and reliable sites.

How should people reduce the risk of getting Diabetes?

By keeping to your GDA (Guideline Daily Amounts) and making sure you have a balanced lifestyle it will reduce your chance of getting Diabetes.


Rhyme:

Have a healthy diet,

To help prevent diabetes,

Watch you're GDA's

And do physical activities!