Tropical Destruction

The Bermuda High, El Nino, and how they affect hurricanes

Hurricanes in a Nutshell

Hurricanes, or tropical cyclones, are some of the most awesome and violent storms on the planet. They usually form around the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, at around 15'-20' north or south of the equator. They are like huge engines that use warm, moist air as fuel. The warm air rises from near the surface, and more warm air rushes in to take its place.

The Bermuda High

The Bermuda High (or Azores High), is a large, subtropical, semi-permanent center of high atmospheric pressure. This high pressure serves to prevent hurricanes forming in a certain area, as hurricanes need low pressure to form.

El Nino

El Nino is the warm phase of the El Nino Southern Oscillation, or ENSO for short. It is caused in part by the Coriolis effect, and it simply warms the area around it. But something like that completely throws off the natural equilibrium, making winters warmer and drier, and causing a lot more hurricanes due to the warm waters and low air pressure.