Taiga

Emily Broach

The Location

The taiga biome is located in the northern part of North America, Asia and Europe. It is known as the largest biome in the world. The largest part of the taiga biome is located in Russia and Canada.

The Climate

The taiga biome is a very cold place, with fewer than four months having temperaures over 50 degreess F. Cold winds are brought up by the Artic Circle . Winter is the longest season, lasting up to 6 months, while summer is short and rainy. Fall is the shortest season and spring brings out animals from hibernation. The average rainfall for the biome is around12-33 inches and is normally brought in summer

Plant Life

Since the weather in the Taiga biome is cold most of the year it isnt able to have a lot of plants. All the trees above are good matches for the Taiga biome because they dont drop their leaves when the weather gets cold. Growing leaves take a lot of energy and plants make energy by using the sun and photosynthesis. Photosynthesis requires nutrients and the Taiga soil doesnt have good nutrients in the soil.

Animals

Food Web

Predator and Prey

The Grey Wolf eats moose, caribou and other deer-like-animals.

The Bobcat eats mice, squirrels, rabbits, and birds.

The Red Fox eats rabbits and hares.

Thev River Otter eats fish, shellfish, snails and beetles

Cooperation and Competition

Competition- Since the wolves and the red foxes both eat the same prey it is a competition for the prey.

Cooperation- The redwood provides the moss a place to live while the moss gives the tree protection.

Fun Facts!

-The taiga is prone to wildfires. Because of this, many trees have adapted to this by growing thick bark, which can protect the tree from a mild fire.

-Because of cold temperatures, decomposition is slow in the taiga. Dead vegetation will pile up on the forest floor, making a sponge-like covering.

Ecological Concerns

Threats- Since the biome does not have good nutrients in the soil, when a tree or plant is destroyed it taked years to grow back.

Endangered Species- Snow Leopards, Siberian Tiger, Siberian Crane, Wood Bison, etc.

Global Importance- The Taigas glaciers melt and creat 40% of the worlds fresh water.