Vietnamese History, it's Popular Beef Pho and Facts

The Vietnamese Flag for both South and North Vietnam + Some facts

This is the flag for both South Vietnam and North Vietnam.

South Vietnam is the striped yellow and red flag, North Vietnam is a red flag with a yellow star.

The estimated square kilometers of Vietnam are 331,210.

The population of Vietnam is 94,348,835.

It's top ten religions are:

  1. Buddist
  2. Catholic
  3. Hoa Hao
  4. Cao Dai
  5. Protestant
  6. Musliam
Some people don't have a religion.
Vietnamese Ethnic groups are,
  1. Kinh
  2. Tay
  3. Thai
  4. Muong
  5. Khmer
  6. Mong
  7. Nung
and there are some others.

The Top Cities in Vietnam and some more Facts

The Top Ten Cities in Vietnam
  1. Ho Chi Minh City is located in South Vietnam
  2. Hanoi is the Capital of Vietnam and is located in North Vietnam.
  3. Haiphong is located in North Vietnam
  4. Da Nang is located in North Vietnam
  5. Can Tho is located in South Vietnam
The Latitude and Longitude of Hanoi is 21.0285° N, 105.8542° E

Vietnam uses,

  • Phosphates
  • Coal
  • Manganese
  • Rare Earth Elements
  • Bauxite
Vietnam has typhoons that occur in May to January.

Vietnam has a terrain with low flat delta in both south and north with central highlands, and some hilly mountains in North and Northwest.

The climate in Vietnam is tropical in South, in the north it is hot with some rainy seasons from May to September and warm and dry from October to March.

Maps of Vietnam

The Vietnamese Pho

What the Vietnamese Beef Pho is like

The Vietnamese Beef Pho is a delicious rice noodle soup with beef. The Pho is popular for Vietnamese people and is also loved by some Americans.

Even it might not look that good it smells delicious, try it and there are many flavors.

Vietnamese Beef Pho Recipe


  1. BROTH
    • 5 pounds beef marrow or knuckle bones
    • 2 pounds beef chuck, cut into 2 pieces
    • 2 (3-inch) pieces ginger, cut in half lengthwise and lightly bruised with the flat side of a knife, lightly charred (see Note, below)
    • 2 yellow onions, peeled and charred (see Note, below)
    • 1/4 cup fish sauce
    • 3 ounces rock sugar, or 3 tablespoons sugar
    • 10 whole star anise, lightly toasted in a dry pan
    • 6 whole cloves, lightly toasted in a dry pan
    • 1 tablespoon sea salt
    • 1 pound dried 1/16-inch-wide rice sticks, soaked, cooked and drained (see Tips, below)
    • 1/3 pound beef sirloin, slightly frozen, then sliced paper-thin across the grain
    • 1/2 yellow onion, sliced paper-thin
    • 3 scallions, cut into thin rings
    • 1/3 cup chopped cilantro
    • 1 pound bean sprouts
    • 10 sprigs Asian basil
    • 1 dozen saw-leaf herb leaves (optional)
    • 6 Thai bird chilies or 1 serrano chili, cut into thin rings
    • 1 lime, cut into 6 thin wedges
    • Freshly ground black pepper


1. In a large stockpot, bring 6 quarts water to a boil. Place the bones and beef chuck in a second pot and add water to cover. Bring to a boil and boil vigorously for 5 minutes. Using tongs, carefully transfer the bones and beef to the first pot of boiling water. Discard the water in which the meat cooked. (This cleans the bones and meat and reduces the impurities that can cloud the broth.) When the water returns to a boil, reduce the heat to a simmer. Skim the surface often to remove any foam and fat. Add the charred ginger and onions, fish sauce and sugar. Simmer until the beef chuck is tender, about 40 minutes. Remove one piece and submerge in cool water for 10 minutes to prevent the meat from darkening and drying out. Drain, then cut into thin slices and set aside. Let the other piece of beef chuck continue to cook in the simmering broth.

2. When the broth has been simmering for about 1 1/2 hours total, wrap the star anise and cloves in a spice bag (or piece of cheesecloth) and add to the broth. Let infuse until the broth is fragrant, about 30 minutes. Remove and discard both the spice bag and onions. Add the salt and continue to simmer, skimming as necessary, until you're ready to assemble the dish. The broth needs to cook for at least 2 hours. (The broth will taste salty but will be balanced once the noodles and accompaniments are added.) Leave the remaining chuck and bones to simmer in the pot while you assemble the bowls.

3. To serve, place the cooked noodles in preheated bowls. (If the noodles are not hot, reheat them in a microwave or dip them briefly in boiling water to prevent them from cooling down the soup.) Place a few slices of the beef chuck and the raw sirloin on the noodles. Bring the broth to a rolling boil; ladle about 2 to 3 cups into each bowl. The broth will cook the raw beef instantly. Garnish with yellow onions, scallions and cilantro. Serve immediately, inviting guests to garnish the bowls with bean sprouts, herbs, chilies, lime juice and black pepper.

  1. How to Char Ginger and Onions:
    1. To char ginger, hold the piece with tongs directly over an open flame or place it directly on a medium-hot electric burner. While turning, char until the edges are slightly blackened and the ginger is fragrant, about 3 to 4 minutes. Char the onions in the same way. Peel and discard the blackened skins of the ginger and onions, then rinse and add to the broth.

You can buy it in Oklahoma at Mr.Pho

Addresss: 1133 NW 25th St, Oklahoma City, OK 73106

Cost: 7 dollars per dish

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Flag of North Vietnam

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Flag of South Vietnam

Facts gotten from

  • CIA World FactBook
  • Pictures from Google
  • Recipe from Epicurious