Save the Honey Bees, Save us All

Colony Collapse Disorder by Maya and Kianna

More than honey

Honey bees are more than cute bugs who make us delicious honey. They are some of the core contributors to our entire way of life. Now they are disappearing and we are doing near nothing to save them.

What is CCD?

- The main characteristic of colony collapse disorder is the abrupt disappearance of nearly entire colonies, for unknown reasons and with no dead bodies to be found.

- Usually the queen and larvae are still alive within the honey bee hive.

Why?

Here are some possible causes and factors:

1. Parasites

2. GMOS

3. Inadequate incubation, temperature.

4. viruses, Tobacco ringspot virus, other pollen born pathogens

5. Pesticides such as Neonicotinoids

A World Without Honey Bees

What would the world be like without honey bees? A whole lot less diverse for sure. The honey bees play a large role in the diversity of our plant species. There are many plants that rely solely on pollination from honey bees. Many of our food sources would vanish. It would change the way we live drastically.

Plan Bee

We need a plan, a plan bee. The first step is being informed and helping inform others. Many people remain unaware of how tragic this situation actually is. With knowledge comes power. Spread the word and help find a cure.

Before it's too late.

Read more in the summaries below and follow the links to gain a greater understanding.

One

One of the key points made throughout the article is how the bees are vanishing due to an unknown cause. A few scientists believe it could be the weather pattern, which is frightening to hear, due to the weather not being under our control. This point of view article states a few facts, such as an expert beekeeper noticing a pattern in the loss of bees. It’s a scientific viewpoint focusing on possible reasons for decreasing bees. Pesticides, climate, viruses and infections all have to do with the dwindling bee population. The article has taught me about the various reasons why the bee population has been decreasing. It has taught me how bees could not survive these conditions and why they couldn’t. Also, what bees have what jobs in the colony. I believe that it has supported what I heard, yet more specific on the reasons, in a broad sense. How they have been vanishing, but not really knowing how and why. I felt like this was a good article. It was easy to read, easy to understand and informative.

- Maya


https://student.societyforscience.org/article/why-are-bees-vanishing-pesticides-disease-other-threats

Two: Honey Bees and Colony Collapse Disorder

In October 2006 beekeepers began noticing losses of up to 90% of their hives. The signs of CCD are very low amounts of honey bees in the hive but with a living queen and no dead bodies. Colonies have declined from 5 million to 2.5 million. That is nearly half of the entire honeybee population.

-Kianna


www.ars.usda.gov/news/docs.htm?docid=1557

Three

A few of the key points from this article is the fact thats the scientists may possibly know what has been killing off the bees. Something called “Idiopathic Brood Disease Syndrome” (IBDS) has been killing off the bees larvae, thus, killing the bees. I think that this issue is a very serious one. It could determine the life of honey bees, and possibly save them from extinction. This article has opened my eyes to something I had never heard of before. It taught me what IBDS is, and how it can be prevented. I think that if scientists could figure out how to treat the disease, that it could possibly save the colonies from further damage. It supports the knowledge of pesticides and possible disease by explaining a serious disease that has taken one of the greatest tolls on the bees.

- Maya



http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130304105646.htm

Four: What's Killing American Honey Bees

Possible causes of CCD are: Disease and parasites, in hive chemicals, agricultural pesticides, genetically modified crops, and changes in cultural practices. There is a possibility that bees have too narrow of a genetic base, making them more vulnerable to diseases. Another factor could be inadequate incubation and temperature changes.

-Kianna

tinyurl.com/lxdoclh

Five

A key point from this article is the study of bees being exposed to low level neonicotinoid pesticides and seeing how their work ethic and behavior maintains. I think that it is smart for the scientists to be studying about certain things that they think may be killing off the bees. I thought that it was really helpful when they gave examples of what the pressure is like on the bees. One of the examples the gave to compare what it’s like when pesticides conflict with the bees behavior/ work ethics, is like when someone is applying pressure to your shoulders. You can obtain the pressure for a short time, until it becomes a burden. For the bee colonies, that “pressure” never goes away; creating stress. when stress levels are too high, it causes the bees to collapse. I believe that this has definitely been more clear of how the pesticides are killing the bees, instead of being blunt, saying: “Pesticides kill bees.” It shows more of an example and picture to go along with the explanation in your mind.

-Maya



http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131007094510.htm

Six: New virus linked to bee colony collapses

A virus called tobacco ringspot, a pollen born pathogen, was found spreading to the mites that travel between bees. Honey bees pollinate 90 crops worldwide and bring in an income of 14 billion dollars annually. The presence of the virus is positively correlated with weaker colonies and lower rates of winter survival. Correlation of course, does not always prove causation but it is something to be aware of. The pesticide, neonicotinoid, has been linked with suppressing immunity and increase in viruses.

- Kianna


tinyurl.com/mr94hq3

Seven

Some of the key points pointed out in this article is probably one of the most important ones of them all: what would we do without the bees? Could you possibly imagine living without bees? a lot of people would reply with: “yes.” Not many know of how important bees really are. An investigator investigated how much would be gone in a store if we removed all of what the bees had helped pollinate. 237 out of 453 food items were removed. That almost half of a store- gone. The article has taught me about the importance of the bees. When most people think of a honey bee, they think of it only making honey. Now I know that that’s not the case at all. I believe that if there were less pesticides used, that the bee colonies would and could be saved from extinction.

-Maya


Times Magazine

Eight: Harvard Scientist links pesticides to CCD

About one third of what we eat benefits directly or indirectly from honeybees. Systematics, a type of pesticide, render a plant poisonous from the inside out, the most common ones are neonicotinoids and are derived from nicotine. In an experiment, the scientist fed bees high fructose corn syrup laced with neonicotinoids. They lost fifteen of the sixteen test hives and all had symptoms resembling CCD.

-Kianna


tinyurl.com/jwz97kn