Behind the Scenes of WWII
By: Bailey Rogers / Class: AH II/ Date: 5/10/11 / Core: 3
World War II was a very big part in the United States and all around the world. World War II started around 21 years after World WarI ended. There were very many events that occurred during World War II. World War II started when the country of Germany invaded the small country of Poland. I choose to do my final project on World War II because WWII has and will always spark my attention.
Some main events were:
- Given by President Franklin Roosevelt on the day of October 5, 1937, in the city of Chicago, saying an international "Quarantine of the aggressor nations."
- Not one country was particularly mentioned in this speech given by President Franklin Roosevelt. Although everyone did think that Franklin Roosevelt was talking about or referring to the countries of Japan, Italy, and Germany.
- Franklin Roosevelt said that the use of economic pressure, a forceful response, and less direct than outright aggression.
Battle of the Bulge
- By the time of December 24, 1944, the Germans had made there way deep into French territory in the Ardennes Forest, this was making a distinct bulge in the U.S. front line, this is what gave the battle the name "Battle of the Bulge."
- German forces surrounded many U.S. forces in the town of Bastogne but they were strong and they refused to surrender.
- The Germans were pushed back, supplies were airdropped to the trapped American troops. Other American forces and allies came to help the trapped forces from all other areas of France.
- By the beginning of January 1945, the Germans had retreated again. On January 16, the trapped American Troops were saved and the Bulge was over.
- During late 1941, the country of Germany invaded the Soviet Union (Russia, U.S.S.R.).
- In the beginning of the invasion Germany was making very swift progress. But the determination of the country, the size of the country and the awful cold winter of Russia was just way to much for the army of Germany to handle.
- Hitler used a war strategy called Blitzkrieg. The main purpose of this strategy was to attack a nation suddenly and with force that they could not handle. This was a strategy that Hitler used in war with a few other countries.
Womans Army Corps (WAC)
- WAC was the United States branch of Army for Women.
- It was first made for and auxiliary unit on the day of May 15, 1942, and was eventually moved to full status as the WAC in the year of 1943.
- There was an astonishing 15,000 women that served during World War II. These were the first ever women besides nurses to serve with or in the Army forces.
- Some of the Women who were apart of WAC served in the United States while the other women served with the United States overseas. Most of the men were not very big fans of the Women Army Corps.
Battle of Stalingrad
- This was a battle that lasted 5 months between the countries of Germany and the Soviet forces. They fought for the industrial city of Stalingrad, this war resulted in an amazing 2 million deaths.
- This battle included bloody urban street fights and some very destructive air raids that were lead by Germany.
- In the February of 1943, Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus surrendered the German forces to the Red Army and the German force fully retreated, even though Hitler gave direct orders not to retreat/surrender.
- Hitler was convicted of high treason and was sentenced to jail. Hitler only served around one year in prison.
- Hitler was eventually appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Von Hindenburg on the day of January 30, 1933.
- The main thing that people think of when they hear the word Hitler is a man who took pride in killing and torturing Jewish people. The jews were harassed, beaten, attacked, and persecuted. The Jews were put into hitlers "concentration camps" in these camps they were also beaten, murdered, starved to death, and abused.
- Stalin was the general secretary of the communist part of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953.
- Stalin was not prepared for Hitlers attack upon the soviet Union but recovered and fought his was to victory.
- Stalin was somewhat to blame for the Soviet Union's severe losses at the start of the war. He was at blame because he did not want to listen to the advice given by his advisors and would not allow Russia's military to prepare and make a proper defense.
- With the battles that he was a blame for we was able to hold his country together and fight back against Germany. His country, Russia, was able to make Germany retreat.
- The Manhattan project was a code name that the United States used so that other countries wouldn't know they were making an atomic bomb.
- This began in the year 1942, this project utilized the most famous mathematicians Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi, to make the bomb,
- They conducted the first successful atomic bomb in Alamogordo, New Mexico.
As I had said before World War II has and will always be a large part of history not only in the United States but in the world. To think that that there once was a war that the whole entire world was involved in is just fascinating to me. Looking at the picture of Stalingrad is just amazing, the whole city was destroyed but there are still people who are representing there country that fought and never quit. There were many times that this happened but this was just a very big battle in World War II. The Germans were a very strong army but so many times would they attack and be making very good progress through a country then have to retreat because they weren't prepared or because they just couldn't.
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