Celebrating Courage in our History

BY: AMNA TASNEEM

GALILEO GALILEI

Galileo Galilei went against Christianity, his own religion, in order to spread his beliefs that the planets in our solar system orbit the Sun. His beliefs were considered heretical at that time because everyone else believed and taught that everything in space orbits the Earth. He had enough courage to risk the church's displeasure in order to spread his discovery. He persevered through the hate thrown at him from random strangers on the street to his very own Father's at his church. When people realized that only a madman would decide to risk everything to show his beliefs, which Galileo wasn't, they decided to check if he was telling the truth. After research, it was confirmed that Galileo was right. His work has effected our agriculture, weather, scientific experiments, etc. Without Galileo Galilei's courage and perseverance, our world may have gone in a whole new direction.

HELMUTH HUBENER

Helmuth Hubener was on of the youngest and most courageous opponents of teh Holocaust. One day in 1941, Helmuth found a forbidden shortwave radio his brother had forgotten to take to war in a closet. After finding the radio, Helmuth started to listen to broadcasts from BBC about the true state of World War II. He invited his two bestfriends, Rudolph Wobbe and Karl- Heinz Schnibbe, to listen with him at night. Next was Helmuths idea of using his typewriter to create anti- dictatorship and anti- war pamplets to bring attention to the lies Germany was spoon- feeding them. Soon after creating plenty of pamphlets, they got the guts to go out and slip the pamphlets into phone booths, mail boxes, coat pockets, etc. About 6 months after the first flyers were pinned around, the Gestapo, German police, had tracked Helmuth down and arrested him. It was soon brought to their attention that Helmuth wasn't working alone. Days later of harsh treatments and beatings, he finally broke and gave them the names of his two accomplices. Helmuth courageously took all the blame of being the "mastermind" and claimed that Wobbe and Schnibbe played minor roles in assissting him. He was not only sentenced to death, but to also mistreatment in his cell. Wobbe was sentenced with ten years in jail while Schnibbe was only sentenced with only five.
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Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali, born as Cassius Clay, was well known for his fights inside of the boxing ring, but his most important fight was outside of the ring. After converting to Islam, Muhammad courageously refused to serve in the military in Vietnam because it went against what his religion told him to do. Ali said: "War is against the teachings of the Holy Quran. I'm not trying to dodge the draft. We are not supposed to take part in no wars unless declared by Allah or The Messenger. We don't take part in Christian wars or wars of any unbelievers." He added, "I ain't got no quarrel with them Viet Cong-no Viet Cong ever called me Nigger" Ali took his courage and continued to fight for civil rights even after being stripped of his boxing career. He brought out the definition of courage: being strong even through hardships.
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MALALA YOUSAFZAI

Malala Yousafzai is a courageous Pakistani who decided to speak out about the problems the Taliban caused such as the new rules that banned almost everything in Pakistan. Malala started to write an anonymous blog for BBC about how life and education changed after the Taliban started taking over. Soon after she starred in a documentary by the New York Times, on October 9th, 2012, a masked gunman entered her school bus and demanded, "Which one of you is Malala? Speak up, otherwise I will shoot at you all." She was soon identified, shot, and taken to the UK to take care of her critical condition: the bullet went through her head, neck, and shoulder and her organs were failing. After the attempt of assassination on Malala's life, the government had announced that they'd spend double for education. Malala's story makes people realize that education is important even for females. She still speaks publicly and wrote a book to solve the problem of education and women's rights.
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Adrianne-Haslet Davis and Alisson Sizemore

Both Adrianne, age 34, and Alisson, age 8, love to dance but they're different from most dancers: they're amputees. Adrianne had lost part of her leg due to the Boston Marathon Bombing while Alisson lost her foot when a truck ran over it. They thought that everything was over. They couldn't dance with one real foot and a prosthetic but they persevered. They had strength through the pain and kept on practicing even though people thought that they'd never get back to how they were before losing their leg. Although they have an age difference of 26 years, they have the same goal: to dance flawlessly.
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Sources

Yousafzai, Malala, and Patricia McCormick. I Am Malala: How One Girl Stood up for Education and Changed the World. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.


"GreatestOf All Time." Ali. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2015. <http://muhammadali.com/>.


"Muhammad Ali Refuses Army Induction." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/muhammad-ali-refuses-army-

induction>.


Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015. <http://www.biography.com/people/galileo-9305220>.


Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. The Boy Who Dared. New York: Scholastic, 2008. Print.