GAS LAWS

the 5 gas laws

Boyles law

The relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Charles law

The volume of a gas is directly related to the temperature when there is no change in pressure or amount of gas

Daltons law

In a mixture of non reacting gases the total pressure exerted is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases

Gay-Lussacs law

The relationship between pressure and temperature when volume and amount are held constant

Henrys law

At a constant temperature the amount of given gas that dissolves in a given type in volume of liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas in equilibrium with that liquid.

The Bends

You can get it by being at high altitude when dissolved gases come out of solution in bubbles. The dangers are the joints on your body wont function properly. Side effects of the condition are decompression sickness. The treatment is treated in a hyperbaric recompression chamber. Henry's law is related with this because if the scuba diver goes fast then there will be more bubbles.

Air Embolisms

Air embolisms are caused by pressure allowing air to travel to your veins and arteries when they are exposed. The symptoms and dangers are chest pain and heart failure and difficulty breathing. Treatment is doctors fixing your body so air is getting inside and you will need surgery. Boyles law is related to this because more movement is more air flow.

Oxygen Toxicity

You get oxygen toxicity by breathing molecular oxygen at increased partial pressures. You can get hyperoxia which causes seizures and retinal detachment. You can not treat it. Daltons law is related to this because the air is toxic at higher levels.
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The Ideal Gas Law: Crash Course Chemistry #12

By: Gavin Redman