By Sydney and Rebekah
Causes of Eating Disorters?
Eating disorders are complex conditions that arise from a combination of long-standing behavioral, biological, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors. While eating disorders may first appear to be solely about food and weight preoccupations, those suffering from them often try to use food and the control of food to cope with feelings and emotions that may otherwise seem overwhelming. For some, dieting, bingeing and purging may begin as a way to cope with painful emotions and to feel in control of one’s life. Ultimately, though, these behaviors will damage a person’s physical and emotional health, self-esteem and sense of competence and control. Some physiological factors are things along the lines of low self-esteem, feelings of inadequacy or lack of control in life, depression, anxiety, anger, stress or loneliness.
What is Anorexia?
Symptoms of Anorexia
Behavioral: hyperactivity, social isolation, binge eating, compulsive behavior, or impulsivity.
Weight: weight loss, weighing too little, or extreme weight loss and thinness.
Psychological: depression, anxiety, or fear.
Gastrointestinal: vomiting or constipation.
Menstrual: irregular menstruation or absence of menstruation.
Mood: apprehension or guilt.
Developmental: slow growth or delayed puberty.
Whole body: water-electrolyte imbalance, fainting, osteoporosis, feeling cold, low body temperature, dehydration, fatigue, low blood pressure, or dizziness.
Also common: dry skin, brittle nails, laxative abuse, dry hair, headache, slow heart rate, dieting, bruising, or sensitivity to cold.
Sources of Help
SSRI: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Citalopram (Celexa)
Other treatments: Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
Therapies: Family therapy, Group psychotherapy, Brief psychotherapy, Psychotherapy, Behavior therapy, Support group, Interpersonal psychotherapy, Counseling psychology, Dialectical behavior therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy.
Nutritionist: Specializes in food and diet.
Psychiatrist: Treats mental disorders.
Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.
Clinical psychologist: Treats psychological disorders.
Psychoanalyst: Uses psychotherapy to treat mental disorders.